Mohamed R. Mahfouz

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A summation analysis of more than 70 individual kinematic studies involving normal knees and 33 different designs of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was done with the objective of analyzing implant design variables that affect knee kinematics. Eight hundred eleven knees (733 subjects) were analyzed either during the stance phase of gait or a deep knee bend(More)
The objective of the current study was to use fluoroscopy to accurately determine the three-dimensional (3D), in vivo, weight-bearing kinematics of 10 normal and five anterior cruciate ligament deficient (ACLD) knees. Patient-specific bone models were derived from computed tomography (CT) data. 3D computer bone models of each subject's femur, tibia, and(More)
A multicenter analysis was done to determine in vivo femorotibial axial rotation magnitudes and patterns in 1,027 knees (normal knees, nonimplanted ACL-deficient knees, and multiple designs of total knee arthroplasty). All knees were analyzed using fluoroscopy and a three-dimensional computer model-fitting technique during a deep knee bend and/or gait.(More)
This study compared the in vivo femoropolyethylene contact pressures generated in fixed-bearing total knee arthroplasty (TKAs) with those in mobile-bearing TKAs. In vivo kinematics obtained from a 2-dimensional to 3-dimensional registration technique and soft tissue locations derived from computed tomographic scans were entered into a 3-dimensional inverse(More)
In vivo kinematics were determined during a weightbearing deep knee bend in 39 patients implanted with four different designs of mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty to assess polyethylene bearing mobility patterns and magnitudes. The femoral and tibial components and mobile polyethylene insert (implanted with four tantalum beads) were overlaid onto the(More)
The objective of this study was to determine if consistent posterior femoral rollback of an asymmetrical posterior cruciate retaining (PCR) total knee arthroplasty was mostly influenced by the implant design, surgical technique, or presence of a well-functioning posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). Three-dimensional femorotibial kinematics was determined for(More)
In vivo kinematic patterns were determined for subjects (patients participating in the study), having either a fixed-bearing posterior-stabilized or posterior cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty. While under fluoroscopic surveillance, subjects did normal gait and a deep knee bend. Video images were downloaded to a workstation computer and analyzed in(More)
In vivo knee kinematics, including polyethylene bearing mobility, were determined in a group of nine patients implanted with a posterior stabilized, mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty. Each patient, while under fluoroscopic surveillance, did a weightbearing deep knee bend and was analyzed using a 3-D computer model-fitting technique. Patients were(More)
Quantifying sex differences in femoral size and shape has extensive applications in forensics and prosthesis design. By applying strong statistical techniques such as principal component analysis (PCA), certain three-dimensional (3D) morphological variations of adult femora can be quantified over various femoral sizes. Coupling this statistical approach(More)
OBJECT In this cervical spine kinematics study the authors evaluate the motions and forces in the normal, degenerative, and fused states to assess how alteration in the cervical motion segment affects adjacent segment degeneration and spondylosis. METHODS Fluoroscopic images obtained in 30 individuals (10 in each group with disease at C5-6) undergoing(More)