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Dietary restriction (DR) is the most universal intervention known to extend animal lifespan. DR also prevents tumor development in mammals, and this effect requires the tumor suppressor PTEN. However, the metabolic and cellular processes that underly the beneficial effects of DR are poorly understood. We identified slcf-1 in an RNAi screen for genes that(More)
Assessment of chronic liver failure (CLF) in cirrhotic patients is needed to make therapeutic decisions. A biological score is usually performed, using the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD), to evaluate CLF. Nevertheless, MELD does not take into account metabolic perturbations produced by liver-function impairment. In contrast, metabolomics can(More)
Mixtures of dimyristoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and dihexanoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DHPC) in water form disks also called bicelles and different bilayer organizations when the mol ratio of the two lipids and the temperature are varied. The spontaneous alignment in a magnetic field of these bilayers above the transition temperature T(m) of DMPC is an(More)
Among all the software packages available for discriminant analyses based on projection to latent structures (PLS-DA) or orthogonal projection to latent structures (OPLS-DA), SIMCA (Umetrics, Umeå Sweden) is the more widely used in the metabolomics field. SIMCA proposes many parameters or tests to assess the quality of the computed model (the number of(More)
Exercise modulates the metabolome in urine or blood as demonstrated previously for humans and animal models. Using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics, the present study compares the metabolic consequences of an exhaustive exercise at peak velocity (Vp) and at critical velocity (Vc) on mice. Since small-volume samples (blood and urine) were(More)
PURPOSE Metabolomics depicts metabolic changes in biologic systems using a multiparametric analysis technique. This study assessed the metabolomic profiles of serum, obtained by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, from cirrhotic patients with and without hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The study included 154(More)
In this study, we present a methodology for metabotyping of C. elegans using 1H high resolution magic angle spinning (HRMAS) whole-organism nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). We demonstrate and characterize the robustness of our metabolic phenotyping method, discriminating wild-type N2 from mutant sod-1(tm776) animals, with the latter being an otherwise(More)
INTRODUCTION Acute-on-chronic liver failure is characterized by acute deterioration of liver function in patients with compensated or decompensated, but stable, cirrhosis. However, there is no accurate definition of acute-on-chronic liver failure and physicians often use this term to describe different clinical entities. Metabolomics investigates metabolic(More)
The metabo-ring initiative brought together five nuclear magnetic resonance instruments (NMR) and 11 different mass spectrometers with the objective of assessing the reliability of untargeted metabolomics approaches in obtaining comparable metabolomics profiles. This was estimated by measuring the proportion of common spectral information extracted from the(More)
Most studies reported until now on the magnetically alignable system formed by the binary mixtures of long- and short-chain lipids were based on the mixture of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (D14PC) and 1,2-dihexanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (D6PC) lipids. We have recently shown that a large part of the phase diagrams of this lipid mixture(More)