Learn More
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the possible association of Parkinson disease (PD) and melanoma in North America. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Thirty-one centers enrolled patients with idiopathic PD. At visit 1, a neurologist obtained a medical history. At visit 2, a dermatologist recorded melanoma risk factors, performed a whole-body examination, and performed a(More)
Tetrabenazine (TBZ) is used in the treatment of hyperkinetic movement disorders. Its effect is thought to be mediated by depletion of dopamine (DA) stores. We studied other possible mechanisms of action of this drug. TBZ decreased DA concentration in rat striatum and nucleus accumbens in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 of approximately 1.2 mg.kg-1.(More)
Agonist-induced rotation and striatal binding of [3H]spiperone ([3H]SPIP) were assessed in rats with unilateral lesions of the substantia nigra during and after a period of chronic bromocriptine administration. Agonist-induced rotation significantly increased over a three week period of daily administration of bromocriptine (10 mg/kg i.p.); control animals(More)
The effects of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), its metabolite 1-methyl-4-phenyl pyridinium ion (MPP+, cyperquat) and a structurally-related compound paraquat on mitochondrial functions were investigated in isolated organelles from rat striatum, cortex and liver. MPTP (0.1-1.0 mM) had no significant effect on various parameters of(More)
Metoclopramide hydrochloride is now commonly prescribed for a variety of gastrointestinal disorders. Over a 2-year period 18 patients with neurologic disorders induced by metoclopramide were assessed at the Parkinson's disease clinic of the Ottawa Civic Hospital. During metoclopramide therapy acute transient dystonic reactions were seen in 4 patients, and(More)
Chronic treatment of rotating rats with equipotent doses of the dopamine (DA) agonists apomorphine (APO), 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-1-n-propylpyrrolidine hydrobromide (DPPP) and bromocriptine (BRO) for four weeks resulted in marked differences in rotational activity following acute administration of these agonists. Whereas chronic treatment with APO and DPPP(More)