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The objective of the current study was to use fluoroscopy to accurately determine the three-dimensional (3D), in vivo, weight-bearing kinematics of 10 normal and five anterior cruciate ligament deficient (ACLD) knees. Patient-specific bone models were derived from computed tomography (CT) data. 3D computer bone models of each subject's femur, tibia, and(More)
Surveillance/navigation systems presently used make extensive use of television, infrared, and other line-of-sight-surveillance hardware. However, these systems cannot tell what is happening or locate persons/assets on the other side of a wall, behind bushes, in the dark, in a tunnel or a cave, or through a dense fog. It is our objective here to develop a(More)
A method was developed for registering three-dimensional knee implant models to single plane X-ray fluoroscopy images. We use a direct image-to-image similarity measure, taking advantage of the speed of modern computer graphics workstations to quickly render simulated (predicted) images. As a result, the method does not require an accurate segmentation of(More)
The objective of the current study was to use fluoroscopy and computed tomography to accurately determine the three-dimensional, in vivo, weightbearing kinematics of five normal knees. Three-dimensional computer-aided design models of each subject's femur and tibia were recreated from the three-dimensional computed tomography bone density data.(More)
A summation analysis of more than 70 individual kinematic studies involving normal knees and 33 different designs of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was done with the objective of analyzing implant design variables that affect knee kinematics. Eight hundred eleven knees (733 subjects) were analyzed either during the stance phase of gait or a deep knee bend(More)
— Thin, flexible, robust capacitive pressure sensors have been the subject of research in many fields where axial strain sensing with high spatial resolution and pressure resolution is desirable for small loads, such as tactile robotics and biomechanics. Simple capacitive pressure sensors have been designed and implemented on flexible substrates in general(More)
In vivo kinematic patterns were determined for subjects (patients participating in the study), having either a fixed-bearing posterior-stabilized or posterior cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty. While under fluoroscopic surveillance, subjects did normal gait and a deep knee bend. Video images were downloaded to a workstation computer and analyzed in(More)
An in vivo comparison of flexion kinematics for posterior cruciate-retaining (PCR) and posterior stabilized (PS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was performed. Twenty patients who underwent bilateral paired TKAs were included in this prospective study. Both PCR and PS prostheses were from the same TKA series with comparable surface geometries, and all were(More)
Obtaining 3D patient-specific bone models from 2D image data (e.g. X-rays, fluoroscope) remains a practical and desirable alternative to segmentation of bone models from 3D image data (e.g. CT, MRI). It also provides an initial step to automatically calculating the relevant axes and angles needed in computer aided surgery (CAS). Our method utilizes a(More)