Mohamed Labib Salem

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Abnormal accumulation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) is an important mechanism of tumor immune evasion. Cyclophosphamide (CTX) has also been shown in non-tumor bearing animals to cause transient surges in MDSC. Knowledge of MDSC is primarily based on preclinical work, and to date only few published studies have involved cancer patients. The goal(More)
A larger number of medicinal plants and their purified constituents have been shown beneficial therapeutic potentials. Seeds of Nigella sativa, a dicotyledon of the Ranunculaceae family, have been employed for thousands of years as a spice and food preservative. The oil and seed constituents, in particular thymoquinine (TQ), have shown potential medicinal(More)
EpCAM (epithelial cell adhesion molecule) is a cell surface molecule that is known to be highly expressed in colon and other epithelial carcinomas. EpCAM is involved in cell-to-cell adhesion and has been the target of antibody therapy in several clinical trials. To assess the value of EpCAM as a novel target for breast cancer gene therapy, we performed(More)
Poly(I:C), a synthetic double-stranded RNA polymer and a TLR3 agonist, can be used as a vaccine adjuvant to enhance adaptive immunity. However, the antigen-specific CD8 T-cell response to peptide vaccination and poly(I:C) has not been clearly defined. Here, the authors characterized the antigen-specific CD8 T-cell response to peptide vaccination and(More)
Although cyclophosphamide (CTX) has been clearly shown to enhance active specific and adoptive immunotherapies, the mechanism(s) underlying these beneficial effects have not been clearly defined. To define the impact of CTX preconditioning on the antigen-specific CD8 T-cell response to peptide vaccination, we used an adoptive transfer model based on the(More)
We have recently reported that the toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) agonist poly(I:C) induces adjuvant effects to post vaccination CD8+ T cells responses through rapid induction of innate mediators, including NK cells, macrophages, dendritic cells (DCs), and inflammatory cytokines. However, whether this TLR3 agonist directly targets CD8+ T cells needs to be(More)
Poly (I:C), a TLR3 ligand, has shown promise as a vaccine adjuvant to CD8(+) T cell responses. The underlying mechanisms involved in creating this adjuvant response in vivo, however, have not been well defined. In this study, we explored the contribution of NK cells and inflammatory cytokines in mediation the poly (I:C) adjuvant effects. Enhanced(More)
Estrogen appears to play a central role in the immune response and immune-mediated diseases. Estrogen receptors are expressed in a variety of immunocompetent cells, including CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells and macrophages. Clinical observations indicate that some autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis, frequently remit during(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen has long been reported to show immunomodulatory effects on immune responses, yet, its specific anti-inflammatory mechanism is not clear. METHODS In this study, we analyzed the effects of beta-estradiol (E2), at its contraceptive dose, on both T cell-independent and T cell-dependent inflammations, and the associated immune mechanism, in(More)
Recent preclinical studies suggest that vaccination following adoptive transfer of CD8(+) T cells into a lymphopenic host can augment the therapeutic antitumor responses of the transferred cells. However, the mechanism by which the lymphopenic microenvironment benefits Ag-specific CD8(+) T cell responses remains elusive. We show herein that induction of(More)