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Ricin is a heterodimeric plant toxin and the prototype of type II ribosome-inactivating proteins. Its B-chain is a lectin that enables cell binding. After endocytosis, the A-chain translocates through the membrane of intracellular compartments to reach the cytosol where its N-glycosidase activity inactivates ribosomes, thereby arresting protein synthesis.(More)
Our recently developed rice proteogenomics database (OryzaPG-DB) is the first sustainable resource for rice shotgun-based proteogenomics, providing information on peptides identified in rice protein digested peptides measured by means of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and mapping of the peptides to their genomic origins and the(More)
Various receptors on cell surface recognize specific extracellular molecules and trigger signal transduction altering gene expression in the nucleus. Gain or loss-of-function mutations of one molecule have shown to affect alternative signaling pathways with a poorly understood mechanism. In Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signaling, which branches into MyD88-(More)
Proteogenomics aims to utilize experimental proteome information for refinement of genome annotation. Since mass spectrometry-based shotgun proteomics approaches provide large-scale peptide sequencing data with high throughput, a data repository for shotgun proteogenomics would represent a valuable source of gene expression evidence at the translational(More)
The Toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 plays a critical role in mammalian innate immune response against viral attacks by recognizing double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) or its synthetic analog polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly (IratioC)). This leads to the activation of MAP kinases and NF-kappaB which results in the induction of type I interferons and proinflammatory(More)
We have developed a novel bioinformatics method called mass spectrum sequential subtraction (MSSS) to search large peptide spectra datasets produced by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) against protein and large-sized nucleotide sequence databases. The main principle in MSSS is to search the peptide spectra set against the protein database,(More)
The gene coding for the ricin A-chain from Ricinus sanguineus (RsTA) was isolated and sequenced (GB: DQ661048). Comparison of RsTA with the ricin A-chain from Ricinus communis (RTA) revealed the presence of five differences in the gene sequence. At the protein level only two differences were noticed, the replacement of Asn136 by Ser (N136S) and Ile173 by(More)
Background The accumulation of somatic mutation is a common property in all cancer genomes. These mutations include several patterns of mutagenesis such as small insertions, chromosomal rearrangement and nucleotide substitutions. Consequently, the mutated genomes produce mutant transcriptome and, therefore, mutant proteins that give the cancer cell its(More)
Bacterial colonies were isolated from different Egyptian soil samples. From these isolates, one bacterial species was found to produce siderophore. Using classical and biochemical identification methods, the siderophore producing iso-late was identified as Pseudomonas fluorescens. Based on the affinity of siderophores for metal ions, an affinity(More)
Synthesis and structure elucidation of new series of novel fused 1,2,4-triazine derivatives 3a-3f, 4a-4i and 6a-6b and their inhibitory activities are presented. Molecular structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, MS spectra and elemental analyses. X-ray crystallographic analysis was performed on(More)
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