Mohamed Ghoul

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Rutin and esculin were enzymatically acylated with different aliphatic acids as acyl donors (fatty acids, dicarboxylic acids and omega-substituted fatty acids) by an immobilized lipase from Candida antarctica. The effect of the water content and the acyl donors pattern on the flavonoid initial acylation rate and conversion yield were investigated. The(More)
The conversion yield at equilibrium, the initial rate, and the regioselectivity of the enzymatic acetylation of aglycone flavonoids (quercetin, naringenin, hesperetin, and chrysin) were investigated and compared to those obtained with a glycosylated one (isoquercitrin). The effects of a wide range of operating conditions were quantified. Fourier transform(More)
The effects of light intensity and temperature on Arthrospira platensis growth and production of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in batch culture were evaluated using a three-level, full-factorial design and response surface methodology. Three levels were tested for each parameter (temperature: 30, 35, 40°C; light intensity: 50, 115, 180 μmol(More)
The effects of pressure treatment (520 MPa for 260 s at 10°C) on lysosomal enzyme activities, Warner-Bratzler (WB) shear values and physico-chemical parameters of post-rigor (day 2) beef (Biceps femoris and Longissimus dorsi muscles) were investigated immediately after treatment and during ageing. Activities of cathepsin D and acid phosphatase in(More)
The decontamination of synthetic Pb(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Ni(II) solutions was investigated, using silica gels chemically modified with poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) as sorbents. Two families of sorbents, i.e. silica/PEI and crosslinked silica/PEI, were prepared and characterized. Then the removal of metal ions from synthetic aqueous solutions was studied by(More)
This study was conducted to determine whether the application of high hydrostatic pressure could modify the enzymatic activity and membrane integrity of lysosomes in muscle. Several combinations of pressure (0-600 MPa) and time (0-300 s) were applied to two types of samples: purified enzymes (cathepsin D and acid phosphatase) in buffer solution and intact(More)
Fructose oleates synthesis was performed in a batch reactor by trans- or direct esterification. An immobilized lipase from Candida antartica was used. When a solvent was used, 65% and 46% of conversion of fructose were obtained by transesterification and direct esterification, respectively. These two reactions were also compared in a solvent-free melt. Both(More)
We previously reported the production of high yields of hydroxytyrosol through the bioconversion of tyrosol. In the present work, hydroxytyrosol was subjected to the lipase catalyzed acylation aiming for the recovery of more lipophilic esters that might be easily incorporated in cosmetic and food preparations. Hydroxytyrosyl acetate and hydroxytyrosyl(More)
AIMS To study the effects of temperature, pH and yeast extract (YE) concentration on growth and exopolysaccharide (EPS) production by Propionibacterium acidi-propionici DSM 4900 cultivated on milk microfiltrate. METHODS AND RESULTS A multifactorial approach using a Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was followed. The results indicated that both growth,(More)