Mohamed El-Alfy

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In most developed countries, prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in men. The extent to which the marked racial/ethnic difference in its incidence rate is attributable to screening methods, environmental, hormonal and/or genetic factors remains unknown. A positive family history is among the strongest epidemiological risk factors for(More)
PC4 is a member of the proprotein convertase family of serine proteases implicated in the processing of a variety of polypeptides including prohormones, proneuropeptides, and cell surface proteins. In rodents, PC4 transcripts have been detected in spermatocytes and round spermatids exclusively, suggesting a reproductive function for this enzyme. In an(More)
In women and men, an important proportion of estrogens and androgens are synthesized locally at their site of action in peripheral target tissues. This new field of endocrinology has been called intracrinology. In postmenopausal women, 100% of active sex steroids are synthesized in peripheral target tissues from inactive steroid precursors while, in adult(More)
Mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid hormones are metabolized as glucuronide conjugates. Using labeled [(14)C]uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid and microsomal preparations from human embryonic kidney 293 cells stably expressing the different human and monkey uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT)2B enzymes, it is demonstrated that the two human(More)
BACKGROUND It is generally believed that the sebaceous gland is an intracrine organ which synthesizes its own active hormones to meet its local needs. OBJECTIVES To understand further the mechanisms of sex steroid action in mouse sebaceous glands. METHODS We have used immunocytochemistry to examine the expression of oestrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha)(More)
In women and men, an important proportion of estrogens and androgens are synthesized locally at their site of action in peripheral target tissues. This new field of endocrinology has been called intracrinology. In postmenopausal women, 100% of active sex steroids are synthesized in peripheral target tissues from inactive steroid precursors while, in adult(More)
To better define the role of estrogens in reproductive functions, we have proceeded to the immunocytochemical localization of the estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes, ERalpha and the recently discovered ERbeta+, in human reproductive tissues. In the ovary, ERbeta+ immunoreactivity was found in nuclei of granulosa cells of growing follicles at all stages from(More)
Myocardium lacks the ability to regenerate following injury. This is in contrast to skeletal muscle (SKM), in which capacity for tissue repair is attributed to the presence of satellite cells. It was hypothesized that SKM satellite cells multiplied in vitro could be used to repair injured heart muscle. Fourteen dogs underwent explantation of the anterior(More)
An important source of androgens in the human prostate are those synthesized locally from the inactive adrenal precursor dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfated derivative DHEA-S. Three beta-HSD (hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase) converts DHEA into androstenedione (4-dione), whereas type 5 17beta-HSD catalyzes the reduction of 4-dione into testosterone(More)