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Mycolic acids are major and specific constituents of the cell envelope of Corynebacterineae, a suborder of bacterial species including several important human pathogens such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium leprae, or Corynebacterium diphtheriae. These long-chain fatty acids are involved in the unusual architecture and impermeability of the cell(More)
With the recent success of the heterologous expression of mycobacterial antigens in corynebacteria, in addition to the importance of these bacteria in biotechnology and medicine, a better understanding of the structure of their cell envelopes was needed. A combination of molecular compositional analysis, ultrastructural appearance and freeze-etch electron(More)
Sm and Sm-like (LSm) proteins form complexes engaging in various RNA-processing events. Composition and architecture of the complexes determine their intracellular distribution, RNA targets, and function. We have reconstituted the human LSm1-7 and LSm2-8 complexes from their constituent components in vitro. Based on the assembly pathway of the canonical Sm(More)
Heterotrimeric AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is crucial for energy homeostasis of eukaryotic cells and organisms. Here we report on (i) bacterial expression of untagged mammalian AMPK isoform combinations, all containing gamma(1), (ii) an automated four-dimensional purification protocol, and (iii) biophysical characterization of AMPK heterotrimers by(More)
Corynebacteria belong to a distinct Gram-positive group of bacteria including mycobacteria and nocardia, which are characterized by the presence of mycolic acids in their cell wall. These bacteria share the property of having an unusual cell envelope structural organization close to Gram-negative bacteria. In addition to the inner membrane, the cell(More)
Three strains of Corynebacterium producing various amounts of PS2 S-layer protein were studied. For all strains, more PS2 was produced if the bacteria were grown in minimal medium supplemented with lactate than if they were grown in minimal medium supplemented with glucose. The consumption of substrate and PS2 production was studied in cultures with mixed(More)
Limited proteolysis, secondary structure and biochemical analyses, mass spectrometry, and mass measurements by scanning transmission electron microscopy were combined with cryo-electron microscopy to generate a three-dimensional model of the homomultimeric complex formed by the outer membrane secretin PulD, an essential channel-forming component of the type(More)
Most planktonic bacteria are 'uncultivable' with conventional methods. Flow cytometry (FCM) is one approach that has been taken to study these bacteria. In natural aquatic environments, bacteria with high nucleic acid (HNA) and low nucleic acid (LNA) content are commonly observed with FCM after staining with fluorescent dyes. Although several studies have(More)
Aerolysin is the founding member of a superfamily of β-pore-forming toxins whose pore structure is unknown. We have combined X-ray crystallography, cryo-EM, molecular dynamics and computational modeling to determine the structures of aerolysin mutants in their monomeric and heptameric forms, trapped at various stages of the pore formation process. A dynamic(More)
Dodecamerization and insertion of the outer membrane secretin PulD is entirely determined by the C-terminal half of the polypeptide (PulD-CS). In the absence of its cognate chaperone PulS, PulD-CS and PulD mislocalize to the inner membrane, from which they are extractable with detergents but not urea. Electron microscopy of PulD-CS purified from the inner(More)