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Voltage-gated Na+ channels (VGSC) are transmembrane proteins that are essential for the initiation and propagation of action potentials in neuronal excitability. Because neurons express a mixture of Na+ channel isoforms and protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes, the nature of which channel is being regulated by which PKC isozyme is not known. We showed that DRG(More)
Three weeks after myocardial infarction (MI) in the rat, remodeled hypertrophy of noninfarcted myocardium is at its maximum and the heart is in a compensated stage with no evidence of heart failure. Our hemodynamic measurements at this stage showed a slight but insignificant decrease of +dP/dt but a significantly higher left ventricular end-diastolic(More)
Repolarization alternans has been considered a strong marker of electrical instability. The objective of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that ischemia-induced contrasting effects on the kinetics of membrane voltage and intracellular calcium transient (Ca(i)T) can explain the vulnerability of the ischemic heart to repolarization alternans.(More)
INTRODUCTION Early afterdepolarizations (EADs) are among the mechanisms proposed to underlie ventricular arrhythmias. Sea anemone toxin, ATXII, known to delay Na inactivation and to induce plateau level voltage oscillations, was used to study the formation of EADs. METHODS AND RESULTS Action potential and membrane currents were studied in rat ventricular(More)
The recently reported alpha1D Ca channel in the heart is known to be regulated by protein kinase C (PKC) at the whole cell level and has been implicated in atrial fibrillation. The biophysical basis of this regulation at the single-channel level is not known. Therefore, the effect of PKC activation was studied on alpha1D Ca channel expressed in tsA201 cells(More)
AIMS The present study addresses the controversy regarding the 'primary' role of the subendocardial Purkinje network in triggering torsade de pointes (TdP) ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VAs) in the long QT syndrome (LQTS). METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated the well-established canine anthopleurin-A (AP-A) surrogate model of LQT3 to study the role of the(More)
The diterpene forskolin is widely known for its ability to directly activate adenylyl cyclase and consequently increase intracellular cAMP. In cardiac cells, one result is a cAMP-mediated increase in the L-type Ca2(+)-channel current (ICa). However, forskolin was also shown recently to affect a number of ionic channels in noncardiac cells by mechanisms that(More)
Voltage gated sodium channels (Nav) are transmembrane proteins responsible for action potential initiation. Mutations mainly located in the voltage sensor domain (VSD) of Nav1.5, the cardiac sodium channel, have been associated with the development of arrhythmias combined with dilated cardiomyopathy. Gating pore currents have been observed with three(More)
Mounting evidence indicates that in chronic inflammatory arthritis (CIA), QTc prolongation is frequent and correlates with systemic inflammatory activation. Notably, basic studies demonstrated that inflammatory cytokines induce profound changes in potassium and calcium channels resulting in a prolonging effect on cardiomyocyte action potential duration,(More)
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a congenital abnormality of cardiac repolarization that manifests as a prolonged QT interval on 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs). The syndrome may lead to syncope and sudden death from ventricular tachyarrhythmias known as torsades de pointes. An increased persistent Na(+) current is known to cause a Ca(2+) overload in case of(More)