Mohamed Boutjdir

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After myocardial infarction (MI), the noninfarcted myocardium undergoes significant hypertrophy as part of the post-MI structural remodeling. Electrophysiological changes associated with the hypertrophied remodeled myocardium may play a key role in arrhythmia generation in the post-MI heart. We investigated the cellular and ionic basis of arrhythmias in(More)
Voltage-gated Na+ channels (VGSC) are transmembrane proteins that are essential for the initiation and propagation of action potentials in neuronal excitability. Because neurons express a mixture of Na+ channel isoforms and protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes, the nature of which channel is being regulated by which PKC isozyme is not known. We showed that DRG(More)
Alpha1D L-type Ca channel was assumed to be of neuroendocrine origin only; however, alpha1D L-type Ca channel knockout mice exhibit sinus bradycardia and atrioventricular block, indicating a distinct role of alpha1D in the heart. The presence and distribution of alpha1D Ca channel in the heart and its regulation by protein kinase A (PKA) are just emerging.(More)
The recent discovery of zinc signals and their essential role in the redox signaling network implies that zinc homeostasis and the function of zinc-containing proteins are probably altered as a result of oxidative stress, suggesting new targets for pharmacological intervention. We hypothesized that the level of intracellular labile zinc is changed in hearts(More)
Spatial inhomogeneity of refractory periods, as measured during clinical electrophysiological studies, is a known predisposing factor of arrhythmia. We studied effective refractory periods (ERP) and action potential duration (ADP90) on isolated human atrium. Twelve samples of right atrium obtained during cardiac surgery from patients with (n = 6) and(More)
Delayed rectifying K(+) channel, I(Ks), plays a vital role in normal and arrhythmogenic heart. I(Ks) is modulated by PKC but the identity of which PKC isozymes is involved in this modulation is not known. To dissect the role of individual PKC isozymes in the regulation of I(Ks), human cardiac I(Ks) channel (minK+KvLQT1) was expressed in Xenopus oocytes.(More)
The increase in extracellular potassium [K+]o levels during the early phase of myocardial ischemia may result in part from activation of adenosine triphosphate-sensitive K+ channels. Glyburide, a second-generation hypoglycemic sulfonylurea, is a potent blocker of these channels. We studied the effects of glyburide on [K+]o and on intramyocardial conduction(More)
Limited information is available regarding the effects of protein kinase C (PKC) isozyme(s) in the regulation of L-type Ca(2+) channels due to lack of isozyme-selective modulators. To dissect the role of individual PKC isozymes in the regulation of cardiac Ca(2+) channels, we used the recently developed novel peptide activator of the epsilonPKC,(More)
In prior studies, we have found that oncogenic ras-p21 protein induces oocyte maturation using pathways that differ from those activated by insulin-induced wild-type ras-p21. Both oncogenic and wild-type ras-p21 require interactions with raf, but unlike oncogenic ras-p21, insulin-activated wild-type ras-p21 does not depend completely on activation of MEK(More)
We have previously found that oncogenic ras-p21 and insulin, which activates wild-type ras-21 protein, both induce Xenopus laevis oocyte maturation that is dependent on activation of raf. However, oncogenic ras-p21 utilizes raf-dependent activation of the two classic raf targets, MEK and MAP kinase (MAPK or ERK) while insulin-activated wild-type ras-p21(More)