Mohamed Bellahcene

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GPR41 is reportedly expressed in murine adipose tissue and mediates short chain fatty acid (SCFA)-stimulated leptin secretion by activating Galpha(i). Here, we agree with a contradictory report in finding no expression of GPR41 in murine adipose tissue. Nevertheless, in the presence of adenosine deaminase to minimise Galpha(i) signalling via the adenosine(More)
The citric acid cycle (CAC) metabolite fumarate has been proposed to be cardioprotective; however, its mechanisms of action remain to be determined. To augment cardiac fumarate levels and to assess fumarate's cardioprotective properties, we generated fumarate hydratase (Fh1) cardiac knockout (KO) mice. These fumarate-replete hearts were robustly protected(More)
SCFA are produced in the gut by bacterial fermentation of undigested carbohydrates. Activation of the Gαi-protein-coupled receptor GPR41 by SCFA in β-cells and sympathetic ganglia inhibits insulin secretion and increases sympathetic outflow, respectively. A possible role in stimulating leptin secretion by adipocytes is disputed. In the present study, we(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine whether p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38-MAPK) contributes to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha)-induced contractile depression. BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor has both beneficial and detrimental consequences that may result from the activation of different downstream pathways. Tumor(More)
Urocortin (Ucn) is an endogenous cardioprotective agent that protects against the damaging effects of ischemia and reperfusion injury in vitro and in vivo. We have found that the mechanism of action of Ucn involves both acute activation of specific target molecules, and using Affymetrix (Santa Clara, CA) gene chip technology, altered gene expression of(More)
RATIONALE AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an important regulator of energy balance and signaling in the heart. Mutations affecting the regulatory γ2 subunit have been shown to cause an essentially cardiac-restricted phenotype of hypertrophy and conduction disease, suggesting a specific role for this subunit in the heart. OBJECTIVE The γ isoforms(More)
To examine whether cardioprotection initiated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) is dependent on protein kinase Cepsilon (PKCepsilon), isolated buffer-perfused mouse hearts were randomized to four groups: 1) antimycin A (AA) (0.1 microg/ml) for 3 min followed by 10 min washout and then 30 min global ischemia (I) and 2 h reperfusion (R); 2) controls of I/R(More)
MAPKAPK-2 (MK2) is a protein kinase activated downstream of p38-MAPK which phosphorylates the small heat shock proteins HSP27 and αB crystallin and modulates p38-MAPK cellular distribution. p38-MAPK activation is thought to contribute to myocardial ischemic injury; therefore, we investigated MK2 effects on ischemic injury and p38 cellular localization using(More)
OBJECTIVE Brief reversible ischemic episodes (ischemic preconditioning, IPC) protect the heart against arrhythmias during a subsequent prolonged low-flow ischemia. We have recently shown that this protection involves release of bradykinin, activation of bradykinin B2 receptors followed by opening of sarcolemmal, but not mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+(More)
Folliculin (FLCN) is a tumor-suppressor protein mutated in the Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome, which associates with two paralogous proteins, folliculin-interacting protein (FNIP)1 and FNIP2, forming a complex that interacts with the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Although it is clear that this complex influences AMPK and other metabolic regulators,(More)