Mohamed Ali Behzadian

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High levels of epidermal growth factor (EGF)-receptors have been reported in membrane homogenates of bovine retinas, but the biologic function and tissue target of EGF in the retina have not been established fully. Because EGF participation has been suggested in the mechanisms of wound healing and Müller cells undergo changes after retinal injury, the(More)
PURPOSE To determine transforming growth factor (TGF) beta effects on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) as a potential cause of the blood-retinal barrier breakdown at the onset of angiogenesis. Previously, glial cells were shown to play a role in the angiogenesis process and to express the angiogenic regulating factor TGF-beta, which becomes active under(More)
PURPOSE To determine the cellular route by which vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) increases the permeability of cultured retinal endothelial cells and to test whether nitric oxide (NO) production by NO synthase (NOS) is involved in signaling VEGF's permeability enhancing effects. METHODS Cultured bovine retinal microvascular endothelial(More)
PURPOSE Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a potent inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced endothelial permeability. The goal of this study was to understand the mechanism by which PEDF blocks VEGF-induced increases in vascular permeability. METHODS The paracellular permeability of bovine retinal endothelial (BRE) cells(More)
Peripheral nerve grafts promote vigorous regeneration of adult mammalian CNS axons. Elimination of nerve-associated cells by freeze-thawing abolishes this promoting quality, possibly by creating inhibitory cellular debris and/or destroying the production of stimulatory factors by living Schwann or other cells. Here, debris-free acellular peripheral nerve(More)
PURPOSE Retinal neovascularization (RNV) is a primary cause of blindness and involves the dysfunction of retinal capillaries. Recent studies have emphasized the beneficial effects of inhibitors of HMG-CoA reductase (statins) in preventing vascular dysfunction. In the present study, the authors characterized the therapeutic effects of statins on RNV. (More)
Diabetes-induced breakdown of the blood-retinal barrier (BRB) has been linked to hyperglycemia-induced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and is likely mediated by an increase in oxidative stress. We have shown that VEGF increases permeability of retinal endothelial cells (REC) by inducing expression of urokinase plasminogen activator(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperoxia exposure of premature infants causes obliteration of the immature retinal microvessels, leading to a condition of proliferative vitreoretinal neovascularization termed retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Previous work has demonstrated that the hyperoxia-induced vascular injury is mediated by dysfunction of endothelial nitric oxide(More)
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