Mohamed Al-Shabrawey

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Diabetic retinopathy is characterized by blood-retinal barrier (BRB) breakdown and neurotoxicity. These pathologies have been associated with oxidative stress and proinflammatory cytokines, which may operate by activating their downstream target p38 MAP kinase. In the present study, the protective effects of a nonpsychotropic cannabinoid, cannabidiol (CBD),(More)
The modulation of angiogenic signaling by reactive oxygen species (ROS) is an emerging area of interest in cellular and vascular biology research. We provide evidence here that peroxynitrite, the powerful oxidizing and nitrating free radical, is critically involved in transduction of the VEGF signal. We tested the hypothesis that VEGF induces peroxynitrite(More)
Retinal neovascularization and macular edema are central features of diabetic retinopathy, the major cause of blindness in the developed world. Current treatments are limited in their efficacy and are associated with significant adverse effects. Characterization of the molecular and cellular processes involved in vascular growth and permeability has led to(More)
Retinal neovascularization and macular edema are central features of diabetic retinopathy, a major cause of blindness in working age adults. The currently established treatment for diabetic retinopathy targets the vascular pathology by laser photocoagulation. This approach is associated with significant adverse effects due the destruction of neural tissue(More)
Extracellular high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1) functions as a pro-inflammatory cytokine and exhibits angiogenic effects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of HMGB-1 signaling pathway components in the retinas of diabetic rats and to examine the effect of intravitreal administration of HMGB-1 on the retinas of rats. The retinas of(More)
PURPOSE Inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (statins) reduce signs of diabetic retinopathy in diabetic patients and animals. Indirect clinical evidence supports the actions of statins in improving cardiovascular function, but the mechanisms of their protective actions in the retina are not understood. Prior studies have implicated(More)
Because oxidative stress has been strongly implicated in up-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in ischemic retinopathy, we evaluated the role of NAD(P)H oxidase in causing VEGF overexpression and retinal neovascularization. Dihydroethidium imaging analyses showed increased superoxide formation in areas of retinal(More)
PURPOSE To measure levels of high-mobility group box -1 (HMGB1) and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) in the vitreous fluid from patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and to correlate their levels with clinical disease activity and the levels of the inflammatory biomarkers monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(More)
The aims of this study were to determine effects of diabetes duration on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and test whether time-dependent differences in sensitivity of the streptozotocin diabetic rat heart to I/R are related to differences in vascular density, levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or endothelial nitric oxide(More)
PURPOSE In another study, it was demonstrated that NADPH oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) are important for ischemia-induced increases in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and retinal neovascularization. Diabetes-induced increases in retinal ROS, VEGF expression, and vascular permeability are accompanied by increases in the NADPH(More)