Mohamed Akrout

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OBJECTIVES Because of its frequency and consequences on professional life, low back pain (LBP) represents a real health care problem. Our study is aimed at determining the prevalence of LBP among hospital staff, analyzing the medical and professional consequences as well as investigating into the factors associated to this health problem. METHODS We have(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between early nutrient intake and adiposity development. DESIGN A follow up study of nutrition and growth carried out in a sample of 112 French children from 10 months to 8 years of age. MEASUREMENTS Nutritional intakes at the age of 2 years and anthropometric measurements: Body Mass Index (BMI), subscapular and(More)
Fat and muscle areas can be calculated from equations on the basis of upper arm circumference (C) and triceps skinfold thickness (TS). These equations assume a circular limb and muscle compartment and a symmetrically distributed fat rim: total upper arm area (TUA) = C2/(4 pi), upper arm muscle area (UMA) = [C - (TS x pi)2]/(4 pi), and upper arm fat area(More)
Biomonitoring of effects in agricultural workers is necessary to assess the individual risk of handling pesticides. In this study, biochemical and haematological parameters were measured to evaluate the effects of exposure to these compounds in agricultural workers. The study was carried out in 110 workers and 97 control subjects. Several haematological and(More)
Individual patterns of food intake development have been investigated on the basis of a longitudinal study of nutrition and growth carried out in 112 children at the ages of 10 months, and 2, 4, 6, and 8 years. On the average, energy intake increased steadily with age. However, individual subjects sometimes followed a different pattern. Approximately 1 out(More)
We studied the influence of some factors on plasma butyrylcholinesterase activity (BChE) and we assessed the health status of agricultural workers and looked for the effects of chronic exposure to pesticides, in the aim to determinate factors that must be considered for interpretation of BChE, for occupational monitoring of workers exposed to pesticides.(More)
Epidemiological studies suggest that cytogenetic biomarkers, such as micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood lymphocytes may predict cancer risk because they indicate genomic instability. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the frequencies of MN and chromosome aberrations (CA) in peripheral blood lymphocytes of hospital workers exposed to(More)
Occupational healthcare may expose to various allergens and irritants. Thus, the allergic manifestations in nursing staff are frequent and their prevalence is increasing all over the world. In fact, many new substances continuously appear in the medical practices. These allergic manifestations include a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms such as ocular,(More)
Nowadays, occupational asthma is the most common form of occupational lung disease in the world. In some countries the textile industry remains an important source of potential agents causing occupational asthma. In the textile industry several agents such as cotton dust and dyes may cause occupational asthma. In this review, we discuss the epidemiology,(More)
INTRODUCTION The property of mercury to amalgamate with other metals is used to create a material for filling teeth. This material remains the cheapest and most efficient in tooth restoration. Mercurial toxicity has been documented since Antiquity but the metal remains widely used in some countries. This study compared mercury impregnation in dentists and(More)