Mohamed Abdelgawad

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Microchannels can separate analytes faster with higher resolution, higher efficiency and with lower reagent consumption than typical column techniques. Unfortunately, an impediment in the path toward fully integrated microchannel-based labs-on-a-chip is the integration of pre-separation sample processing. Although possible in microchannels, such steps are(More)
Cryopreservation is a key technology in biology and clinical practice. This paper presents a digital microfluidic device that automates sample preparation for mammalian embryo vitrification. Individual micro droplets manipulated on the microfluidic device were used as micro-vessels to transport a single mouse embryo through a complete vitrification(More)
3,6-Dimethyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d][1,3]oxazin-4-one (3) was prepared by hydrolysis of ethyl 5-amino-3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylate (1) to afford the corresponding carboxylic acid 2, which was reacted with acetic anhydride to give 3. The pyrazolo[3,4-d][1,3]oxazin-4-one 3 was reacted with hydroxylamine hydrochloride, urea, thiourea,(More)
Digital microfluidics is a popular tool for lab-on-a-chip applications and is typically implemented in one of two formats: single-plate ͑ " open " ͒ devices or two-plate ͑ " closed " ͒ devices. Single-plate devices have some advantages relative to the more common two-plate format such as faster mixing, the capacity to move larger volumes on a given(More)
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