Mohamed Abbas Shemis

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Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) in blood donors is considered as a potential risk for transmission of HBV infection. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of anti-hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBC) positivity in Egyptian blood donations as well as to estimate the frequency of HBV-DNA in anti-HBc-positive donations. The study included 760(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The role of insulin resistance (IR) in chronic hepatitis C genotype 4 (CHC-4) patients is still under assessment. The aims of this study are to assess the prevalence and predictors of IR and its influence along with clinical, metabolic, virological, and histological factors on the severity of liver fibrosis in 100 Egyptian patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Ascitic fluid infections (AFIs) are the frequent complications of advanced liver disease. Bacterial translocation is considered a key step in the pathogenesis of gut-derived bacterial infections; mainly spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in cirrhotic patients. Bacterial DNA (bactDNA) in ascitic fluid and serum has been(More)
The SEN virus has been tentatively linked to transfusion-associated non-A to E hepatitis. The aim of the present study was to 1) determine the prevalence of SEN virus among Egyptian patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related chronic liver disease and patients undergoing hemodialysis and 2) demonstrate the clinical effect of SEN virus infection on(More)
BACKGROUND At least six HCV (hepatitis C virus) genotypes are unequally distributed worldwide. HCV genotyping guides the selection of treatment regimens and provides important epidemiological markers that enable the outbreak source to be traced and the spread of disease to be controlled. In Egypt, there is an increasing need for cost-effective, fast, and(More)
INTRODUCTION Liver fibrosis is the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix that occurs by activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), which has been identified as the major driver of liver fibrosis. Several studies confirmed that miRNAs have regulatory effects on the activation of HSCs by affecting the signaling pathways. The aim of this study was(More)
INTRODUCTION A new form of hepatitis C virus infection, known as occult hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, is characterized by the presence of HCV_RNA in the liver or peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). However, no serological markers of infection occur and there is not as much damage to the liver damage as is produced by chronic hepatitis C. There(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Mutations within the major hydrophilic region (MHR) of the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) have been reported in relation to viral persistence by evasion from vaccine and immunotherapy, severity of liver disease and lack of detection by commercial kits. The aim of this study was to elucidate the circulation of hepatitis B virus(More)
INTRODUCTION Treatment of HCV using a combination of pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin fails in about 40% of the patients with HCV genotype 4 infections, and it is physically and economically demanding. Thus, it is highly important to identify factors that can help to predict the likelihood that a patient will respond to this treatment. METHODS(More)
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