Mohamed A. Helal

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Melanin concentrating hormone (MCH) is a cyclic 19-amino-acid peptide expressed mainly in the hypothalamus. It is involved in the control of feeding behavior, energy homeostasis, and body weight. Administration of MCH-R1 antagonists has been proved to reduce food intake and cause weight loss in animal models. In the present study, a homology model of the(More)
Design and synthesis of a guaianolide-endoperoxide (thaperoxide) 3 was pursued as a new antimalarial lead which was found to be noncytotoxic as compared to the natural product lead thapsigargin 2. Several analogues of 3 were successfully synthesized and found to be comparable to derivatives of artemisinin 1 in in vitro antimalarial assay. Among the(More)
Parasitic gastroenteritis caused by Haemonchus contortus (H. contorus) is the major constrain in Egyptian sheep industry and their impact on production, animal health and welfare is likely to increase. Different H. contortus antigens in their native form; crude somatic antigen (CSA), crude larval antigen (CLA) and excretory/secretory antigen (ESA) or(More)
Free fatty acid receptor 1 (FFAR1) is a member of a previously characterized cluster of orphan G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Later, this orphan receptor was identified as a target of medium- to long-chain free fatty acids in β-cells of the pancreas. Administration of FFAR1 agonists has been proved to potentiate glucose-stimulated insulin secretion(More)
Achillea fragrantissima (Forssk) Sch. Bip. (Asteraceae) is one of the most important medicinal plant species in Egypt. Phytochemical investigation of the methanolic extract of A. fragrantissima led to the isolation of two phenolic compounds Piceol (1) and Veratric acid (2), which are reported for the first time from this plant. In addition, four known(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder that affects more than 180 million people worldwide. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs) are a group of nuclear receptors that have been targeted by the thiazolidinedione (TZD) class of compounds for the management of type II diabetes. PPARγ is known to regulate adipogenesis and glucose(More)
Methionine synthase catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from 5-methyltetrahydrofolate to homocysteine, producing methionine and tetrahydrofolate. Benzimidazole and deazatetrahydrofolates derivatives have been shown to inhibit methionine synthase by competing with the substrate 5-methyltetrahydrofolate. In this study, a novel series of substituted(More)
Kappa opioid receptor (KOP) is a G-protein coupled receptor mainly expressed in the cerebral cortex and hypothalamus. It is implicated in nociception, diuresis, emotion, cognition, and immune system functions. KOP agonists possess a strong analgesic effect accompanied by a feeling of dysphoria. On the other hand, antagonists of this receptor were found to(More)
The object of this study was to investigate the influence of breeds, equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) and prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2α) administration on reproductive performance in Egyptian ewes in relation to the economic efficiency of these hormonal treatments. For the estrus cycle control, the ewes received on Day 0 an intravaginal implant with 40 mg(More)