Mohamed A. Gaballa

Learn More
BACKGROUND Interstitial fibrosis and fibrotic scar formation contribute to cardiac remodeling and loss of cardiac function in myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure. Recent studies showed that histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors retard fibrosis formation in acute MI settings. However, it is unknown whether HDAC inhibition can reverse cardiac(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke are the first and third leading causes of death in the U.S.A. accounting for more than 1 in 3 deaths per annum. Despite interventional and pharmaceutical advances, the number of people diagnosed with heart disease is on the rise. Therefore, new clinical strategies are needed. Cell-based therapy holds great promise for(More)
Adaptations of the aging left ventricle (LV) to hemodynamic overload are functionally and structurally distinct from those of the young organism. This study describes the influence of aging on LV hemodynamics and remodeling late after myocardial infarction (MI) in Fischer 344 Brown Norway rats. In sham rats at 23 mo, LV weight, myocyte cross-sectional area(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have linked histone deacetylases (HDAC) to remodeling of the heart and cardiac fibrosis in heart failure. However, the molecular mechanisms linking chromatin remodeling events with observed anti-fibrotic effects are unknown. Here, we investigated the molecular players involved in anti-fibrotic effects of HDAC inhibition in(More)
The heart does not mend itself after infarction. However, stem cells may revolutionize heart disease treatment. A vast and growing body of evidence indicates that cell-based strategies have promising therapeutic potential. Recent clinical and pre-clinical studies demonstrate varying degrees of improvement in cardiac function using different adult stem cell(More)
This study was designed to determine if adenoviral-mediated delivery of a transgene encoding the beta 2-adrenergic receptor (beta 2-AR) to the carotid arterial wall could result in alterations in in vivo vascular function. De-endothelialized rat carotid arteries were infused in vivo with 0.1 mg/ml elastase and adenovirus [6 x 10(9) plaque forming units(More)
To determine whether angiotensin receptor blockade decreases vascular tone in heart failure by improving endothelial-dependent vasorelaxation and increasing nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, we treated infarcted adult male Sprague-Dawley rats with candesartan for 7 days or 8 weeks (10 mg/kg/day in drinking water). Candesartan, at both time points, lowered(More)
AIMS Cell-based therapy for myocardial infarction (MI) holds great promise; however, the ideal cell type and delivery system have not been established. Obstacles in the field are the massive cell death after direct injection and the small percentage of surviving cells differentiating into cardiomyocytes. To overcome these challenges we designed a novel(More)
It is estimated that up to 128 million individuals might benefit from regenerative medicine therapy, or almost 1 in 3 individuals in the US. If accurate, the need to relieve suffering and reduce healthcare costs is an enormous motivator to rapidly bring stem cell therapies to the clinic. Unfortunately, embryonic stem (ES) cell therapies are limited at(More)
To examine arterial mechanical changes during aging, pressure-radius and axial force-radius curves were measured in vivo in carotid arteries from 6- and 23-month-old Brown Norway X Fischer 344 rats. Incremental passive circumferential stiffness (measured at 50, 100, and 200 mm Hg) was higher (P<0.01) in the 23- compared with the 6-month-old rats(More)