Mohamed A Elmonem

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Cystinosis is the most common hereditary cause of renal Fanconi syndrome in children. It is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the CTNS gene encoding for the carrier protein cystinosin, transporting cystine out of the lysosomal compartment. Defective cystinosin function leads to intra-lysosomal cystine accumulation in(More)
OBJECTIVE In order to enhance awareness and promote registry for inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) in Egypt, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence and main clinical findings of IEMs detectable by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) among high risk pediatric patients presenting to our tertiary care facility at Cairo University Children's Hospital over a period(More)
In the current study, we enrolled 14 Egyptian infertile males with isolated congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD). Screening for the most commonly reported 36 CFTR mutations, and the intron 8 (T)n splice variant was performed by multiplex PCR followed by reversed hybridisation. Samples with the 5T variant were picked for DNA sequencing of(More)
Lysosomes play a central role in regulating autophagy via activation of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1). We examined mTORC1 signalling in the lysosomal storage disease nephropathic cystinosis (MIM 219800), in which accumulation of autophagy markers has been previously demonstrated. Cystinosis is caused by mutations in the lysosomal cystine(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the spectrum, relative prevalence and molecular background of lysosomal storage disorders in Egypt. METHODS The authors evaluated the selective screening program for the diagnosis of lysosomal storage disorders in Egyptian children presenting to the inherited metabolic disease unit at Cairo University Children's Hospital, the largest(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the burden of metabolic disorders detectable by tandem mass spectrometry in Egypt, through a pilot expanded newborn screening programme at Cairo University Children's Hospital in 2008, and examining the results of 3,900 clinically at-risk children, investigated at Cairo University Children's Hospital for the same disorders over the(More)
BACKGROUND Nephropathic cystinosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the CTNS gene, encoding for cystinosin, a carrier protein transporting cystine out of lysosomes. Its deficiency leads to cystine accumulation and cell damage in multiple organs, especially in the kidney. In this study, we aimed to provide the first report(More)
OBJECTIVE The immune-inflammatory system has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy; however, many of the mechanisms involved remain unclear. Chitotriosidase enzyme is an active human chitinase and a major protein product of activated macrophages. Although playing an important role in innate and acquired immunity, chitotriosidase(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to evaluate the agreement between blood spot and plasma chitotriosidase using the economic substrate 4-methylumbelliferyl-β-D-N,N',N"-triacetylchitotrioside, and to investigate the utility of the blood spot assay for the wide scale screening for lysosomal storage disorders among the clinically suspected. DESIGN AND METHODS(More)
The involvement of the glomerulus in the pathogenesis of cystinosis, caused by loss-of-function mutations in cystinosin (CTNS, 17p13), is a matter of controversy. Although patients with cystinosis demonstrate glomerular lesions and high-molecular-weight proteinuria starting from an early age, a mouse model of cystinosis develops only signs of proximal(More)