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Because of the inability of strength tests to accurately discriminate between low back pain patients and healthy subjects, a multifactorial evaluation of low back pain patients is warranted. It is postulated that measurements of endurance, kinematics, postural stability, and coordination, in addition to strength, are necessary to fully document the(More)
STUDY DESIGN Repeated measures for intratester reliability were performed. OBJECTIVES To investigate the intratester reliability of a new measurement technique that evaluates lumbar range of motion in three planes using a pelvic restraint device, and to examine the reliability of lumbar lordosis measurement by inclinometer technique. Preliminary normative(More)
Electromyographic (EMG) studies have shown that a large number of trunk muscles are recruited during axial rotation. The functional roles of these trunk muscles in axial rotation are multiple and have not been well investigated. In addition, there is no information on the coupling torque at different exertion levels during axial rotation. The aim of the(More)
A hallmark of more advanced models is their higher details of trunk muscles represented by a larger number of muscles. The question is if in reality we control these muscles individually as independent agents or we control groups of them called "synergy". To address this, we employed a 3-D biomechanical model of the spine with 18 trunk muscles that(More)
STUDY DESIGN This study observed the trunk angular motion features of healthy subjects and those experiencing chronic low back disorders as they flexed and extended their trunks in five symmetric and asymmetric planes of motion. Trunk angular position, velocity, and acceleration were evaluated during several cycles of motion. OBJECTIVE The trunk angular(More)
Biomechanical lifting models often require the knowledge of the applied trunk moments and forces for model validation purposes and/or to determine loading levels experienced at various joints of the body. Trunk kinetic data under dynamic exertions are commonly difficult to attain without restrictive anatomic/anthropometric assumptions and cost or(More)
Abnormal patterns of trunk muscle activity could affect the biomechanics of spinal movements and result in back pain. The present study aimed to examine electromyographic (EMG) activity of abdominal and back muscles as well as triaxial torque output during isometric axial rotation at different exertion levels in back pain patients and matched controls.(More)
Reliability is a population-specific property, but to the authors' knowledge there has been no study to determine the test-retest reliability of the postural stability measures such as center of pressure (COP) measures in the population of patients with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), while their clinical applications have been presented in literature.(More)
A computational method for simulation of 3-D movement of the trunk under the control of 48 anatomically oriented muscle actions was developed. Neural excitation of muscles was set based on inverse dynamics approach along with the stability-based optimization. The effect of muscle spindle reflex response on the trunk movement stability was evaluated upon the(More)
The fatigue of the back muscles appears to be strongly implicated as a risk factor for acquisition of low back pain, which is one of the leading ills of our industrial society. Previously, researchers have successfully measured the level of muscular fatigue by using the Fourier transform to analyze the frequency content of the electromyogram (EMG). However,(More)