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Because of the inability of strength tests to accurately discriminate between low back pain patients and healthy subjects, a multifactorial evaluation of low back pain patients is warranted. It is postulated that measurements of endurance, kinematics, postural stability, and coordination, in addition to strength, are necessary to fully document the(More)
OBJECTIVE To translate the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) into Persian and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of FAAM. METHODS 93 patients with a range of foot and ankle disorders, completed the Persian version of the FAAM and Short-Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) in the test session. With an interval of 2-6 days, 60(More)
STUDY DESIGN A study using a validated viscoelastic finite-element model of a L2-L3 motion segment to identify the load sharing among the passive elements at different loading rates. OBJECTIVE To enhance understanding concerning the role of the loading rate (i.e., speed of lifting and lowering during manual material handling tasks) on the load sharing and(More)
The aims of this study were to culturally adapt and validate the Persian version of Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) and present data on its psychometric properties for patients with different foot and ankle problems. The Persian version of FAOS was developed after a standard forward-backward translation and cultural adaptation process. The sample(More)
This article presents the preparation and topical performance of some new lipid-based formulations of diclofenac, namely (a) a diclofenac aqueous gel containing mixed micelles (sodium cholate:egg lecithin molar ratio 0.55); (b) diclofenac lotion that contains soya lecithin, ethanol and buffer; and (c) diclofenac lipogel containing egg lecithin, isopropyl(More)
STUDY DESIGN A biomechanical study was performed to determine the consequences of a simulation of muscle forces on the loads imposed on the functional spinal units. OBJECTIVES No biomechanical study has investigated the effect of incorporation of agonist and antagonist muscle forces on the loading of functional spinal units. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA(More)
STUDY DESIGN An investigation of the effects of human trunk extensor muscle fatigue on the temporal change in frequency content of the electromyogram as quantified using the Fourier and wavelet transforms during the performance of repetitive dynamic trunk extension. OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether alterations in the Fourier and wavelet transform measures(More)
OBJECTIVE To translate and validate the Persian version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) outcome measure (Persian DASH). DESIGN Cultural translation and psychometric testing. SETTING Outpatient departments of orthopaedics surgery, primary care settings, rehabilitation medicine and physical therapy. SUBJECTS Two hundred and(More)
The neutral position of the spine is the posture most commonly sustained throughout daily activities. Previous investigations of the spine focused mainly on maximal exertions in various symmetric and asymmetric postures. This report proposes a new synergetic approach for analysis of the spine in neutral postures and evaluates its performance. The model(More)
STUDY DESIGN Repeated measures for intratester reliability were performed. OBJECTIVES To investigate the intratester reliability of a new measurement technique that evaluates lumbar range of motion in three planes using a pelvic restraint device, and to examine the reliability of lumbar lordosis measurement by inclinometer technique. Preliminary normative(More)