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OBJECTIVE Despite concerns regarding a diabetes epidemic in the Middle East, internationally published data on national estimates of prevalent type 2 diabetes in Iran do not exist. With this article, we document a dramatically high prevalence of diabetes in Iran. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Our data are based on the results of the first Survey of Risk(More)
Diabetes mellitus has become a monumental problem and a major health concern throughout the world. We report on the programme developed by the Islamic Republic of Iran for control and management of diabetes, which involves screening for type 2 diabetes in adults at risk and a systematic approach for delivery of health care to people with diabetes.
BACKGROUND The prevalence of hypertension in the Middle East is not well defined. We examined the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Iran. METHODS The Survey of Risk Factors of Noncommunicable Diseases was conducted in 2005 and contains a representative sample of the Iranian adult population. Of 70,981 participants, the data(More)
BACKGROUND Rotavirus is the most common causes of severe, acute diarrhea during childhood and is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. We established active hospital-based surveillance of childhood diarrhea to assess the scope of severe rotavirus disease in Iran. METHODS From May 2006 through April 2007, prospective(More)
This study in 2006 estimated the hepatitis B virus (BHV) vaccination coverage in the Islamic Republic of Iran at the national and district levels in urban, rural and remote populations of 41 university health service areas. Of 21 905 children recruited to the study, vaccination coverage based on vaccination card records was 100% in 14, 15 and 10 of the 41(More)
Despite concerns of a diabetes epidemic in the Middle East, internationally published data on national estimates of prevalent type 2 diabetes in Iran do not exist. In this article we document a dramatically high prevalence of diabetes in Iran based on the results of the first Survey of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases (SURFNCD) of Iran, 2005. In(More)
Measles is still one of the most common infectious killers of children in the world, especially in developing countries. In Iran, during the prevaccine era, 150,000-500,000 cases of measles were reported annually, with a death rate of 10%-15%. After the establishment of Expanded Program on Immunization program in 1984, vaccination rates for the first and(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors across different glycaemia strata and to assess the optimal cut-off value of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) to identify the constellation of cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS Data of the National Survey of Risk Factors for Non-Communicable Diseases of Iran (SURFNCD 2005-2007) were(More)
This qualitative study aimed to identify the health-care problems of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in 2 large cities: Tehran and Kermanshah. Two main groups of stakeholders - service providers (policy-makers, managers, physicians and counsellors) and service recipients (PLHIV and their relatives) - participated in focus group discussions and in-depth(More)
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