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Carbonaceous materials (CMs), including carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and black carbon have been suggested as potential remediation materials for hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs) in sediments or soils. However, the concentration-dependent and potential effects of CMs on the decrease in HOC bioavailability are not well understood. In this research, the(More)
A total of 127 surface soil samples (0-20 cm) were collected from Beijing's urban district and determined for 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The mean concentration of summation SigmaPAHs was 1802.6 ng g(-1) with a standard deviation of 1824.2 ng g(-1). Average summation SigmaPAHs concentration and the percentage of high-molecular weight PAHs(More)
Particle size is a significant parameter which determines the environmental fate and the behavior of dust particles and, implicitly, the exposure risk of humans to particle-bound contaminants. Currently, the influence of dust particle size on the occurrence and seasonal variation of hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) remains unclear. While HBCDs are now(More)
This study examined the effect of five types of carbonaceous materials (CMs) in sediment on bioaccumulation of perfluorochemicals (PFCs) by Chironomus plumosus larvae. The CMs included two multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT10 and MWCNT50), maize straw- and willow-derived chars, and maize straw-origin ash. The PFCs included perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS),(More)
Two sediment matrices with different characteristics were amended with chars from different sources for bioaccumulation assay with filter-feeding Chironomus plumosus larvae. Chars greatly decreased porewater concentrations of PAHs (C(iw)) measured using polyethylene devices in sediments. In organic rich sediment matrix-based systems where suspended char(More)
The ubiquity of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in an aqueous environment may have influence on the carbonaceous material's impact on the bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to benthonic organisms in contaminated sediment. In the present study, 1 multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWNT); 2 types of DOM (fulvic acid and tannic acid), and 2(More)
Ubiquitous natural organic matter (NOM) plays an important role in the aggregation state of engineered silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in aquatic environment, which determines the transport, transformation, and toxicity of AgNPs. As various capping agents are used as coatings for nanoparticles and NOM are natural polymer mixture with wide molecular weight (MW)(More)
Photoinduced reduction of silver ion (Ag(+)) to silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays a crucial role in the transformation and transport of engineered AgNPs and Ag(+) in aquatic environments. DOM is a mixture of natural polymers with wide molecular weight (MW) distribution, and the roles of specific components of DOM in the(More)
The present study investigated the effects of aqueous fullerene suspensions (nC60 ) on the bioavailability and toxicity of phenanthrene (Phe) to junior carp (Cyprinus carpio). Bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) were calculated based on total as well as free concentrations of Phe. Equal BAF values were obtained with and without nC60 based on the total(More)
Due to the unique antibacterial activities, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been extensively used in commercial products. Anthropogenic activities have released considerable AgNPs as well as highly toxic silver ion (Ag(+)) into the aquatic environment. Our recent study revealed that ubiquitous natural organic matter (NOM) could reduce Ag(+) to AgNP under(More)