Moh Tadayyon

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A new chemical class of potent DPP-4 inhibitors structurally derived from the xanthine scaffold for the treatment of type 2 diabetes has been discovered and evaluated. Systematic structural variations have led to 1 (BI 1356), a highly potent, selective, long-acting, and orally active DPP-4 inhibitor that shows considerable blood glucose lowering in(More)
BI 1356 [proposed trade name ONDERO; (R)-8-(3-amino-piperidin-1-yl)-7-but-2-ynyl-3-methyl-1-(4-methyl-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl)-3,7-dihydro-purine-2,6-dione] is a novel dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitor under clinical development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. In this study, we investigated the potency, selectivity, mechanism, and duration of(More)
Inhibition of fatty acid synthase (FAS) reduces food intake in rodents. As adipose tissue expresses FAS, we sought to investigate the effect of reduced FAS activity on adipocyte differentiation. FAS activity was suppressed either pharmacologically or by siRNA during differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells. Cerulenin (10 microM), triclosan (50 microM), and C75 (50(More)
Antidiabetic effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are exerted by potentiation of the biological activity of incretin hormones like glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1. BI 1356 [proposed trade name Ondero; (R)-8-(3-amino-piperidin-1-yl)-7-but-2-ynyl-3-methyl-1-(4-methyl-quinazolin-2-ylmethyl)-3,7-dihydro-purine-2,6-dione] is a novel competitive,(More)
The clinical impact of the fibrate and thiazolidinedione drugs on dyslipidemia and diabetes is driven mainly through activation of two transcription factors, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR)-α and PPAR-γ. However, substantial differences exist in the therapeutic and side-effect profiles of specific drugs. This has been attributed primarily(More)
Rosiglitazone is an agonist of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) and ameliorates insulin resistance in type II diabetes. In addition, it may also promote increased pancreatic beta-cell viability, although it is not known whether this effect is mediated by a direct action on the beta cell. We have investigated this possibility.(More)
Long-chain saturated fatty acids are cytotoxic to pancreatic beta-cells while shorter-chain saturated and long-chain unsaturated molecules are better tolerated. Mono-unsaturated fatty acids are not, however, inert since they inhibit the pro-apoptotic effects of saturated molecules. In the present work we show that the mono-unsaturates palmitoleate (C16:1)(More)
Saturated and mono-unsaturated fatty acids exert differential effects on pancreatic β-cell viability during chronic exposure. Long chain saturated molecules (e.g. palmitate) are cytotoxic to β-cells and this is associated with caspase activation and induction of apoptosis. By contrast, mono-unsaturated fatty acids (e.g. palmitoleate) are not toxic and can(More)
Although the list of clinical complications associated with HIV therapy continues to grow, the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Metabolic abnormalities, such as dyslipidaemia, insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease continue to top the list, but there is an increasing appreciation of the effect of HIV and antiretroviral therapy on(More)
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