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Dense deposit disease and glomerulonephritis with isolated C3 deposits are glomerulopathies characterized by deposits of C3 within or along the glomerular basement membrane. Previous studies found a link between dysregulation of the complement alternative pathway and the pathogenesis of these diseases. We analyzed the role of acquired and genetic complement(More)
Eculizumab (anti-C5) has been sporadically reported as an efficient therapy for atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS). However, the lack of series precludes any firm conclusion about the optimal use of anti-C5 for preventing or treating aHUS posttransplant aHUS recurrence. We thoroughly studied 22 renal transplant recipients with aHUS who received(More)
Atypical hemolytic and uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a severe disease strongly associated with genetic abnormalities in the complement alternative pathway. In renal posttransplantation, few data are available on recurrence risk and graft outcome according to genetic background in aHUS patients. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for recurrence(More)
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare form of thrombotic microangiopathy that associates, in 70% of cases, with genetic or acquired disorders leading to dysregulation of the alternative pathway of complement. Autoantibody directed against Factor H causes at least 6% to 10% of aHUS cases, but only a few clinical reports are available. Here, we(More)
Atypical hemolytic and uremic syndrome (aHUS) is associated with a high rate of recurrence and poor outcomes after kidney transplantation. Fortunately, recent advances in the understanding of the pathogenesis of aHUS have permitted an individualized risk assessment of post-transplant recurrence. Acquired or inherited dysregulation of the alternative(More)
Pathologic thrombosis is a major cause of mortality. Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) features episodes of small-vessel thrombosis resulting in microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and renal failure. Atypical HUS (aHUS) can result from genetic or autoimmune factors that lead to pathologic complement cascade activation. Using exome sequencing,(More)
The use of herbal therapy has increased dramatically in past years and may lead to renal injury or various toxic insults, especially in renal patients. In most countries, herbal products are not regulated as medicines. Herbal poisoning may be secondary to the presence of undisclosed drugs or heavy metals, interaction with the pharmacokinetic profile of(More)
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a very rare disease (two cases per year per 1 million population) but represents the most common cause of acute renal failure in young children that require dialysis. The majority of cases in childhood (90%) is caused by Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli infection. This typical form of the disease does not relapse and(More)
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a rare but severe disorder characterized by endothelial cell activation and thrombus formation. It manifests with the triad of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and organ failure. Prompt diagnosis and treatment initiation are crucial for long-term outcome. TMA often manifests subsequent to infectious events, of which(More)
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) associated with anti-Factor H (anti-FH) autoantibodies is a recently described pathophysiological entity. Monitoring of anti-FH IgG titer may be a sensitive marker of disease activity and guide treatment to eliminate circulating anti-FH antibodies. We report here a case of atypical HUS (aHUS) in which anti-FH autoantibodies(More)