Mogens B. Christensen

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Engineering of materials with specific physical properties has recently focused on the effect of nano-sized 'guest domains' in a 'host matrix' that enable tuning of electrical, mechanical, photo-optical or thermal properties. A low thermal conductivity is a prerequisite for obtaining effective thermoelectric materials, and the challenge is to limit the(More)
By converting waste heat into electricity, thermoelectric generators could be an important part of the solution to today's energy challenges. The compound Zn(4)Sb(3) is one of the most efficient thermoelectric materials known. Its high efficiency results from an extraordinarily low thermal conductivity in conjunction with the electronic structure of a(More)
The high thermoelectric figure of merit ͑zT͒ of Ba 8 Ga 16 Ge 30 makes it one of the best n-type materials for thermoelectric power generation. Here, we describe the synthesis and characterization of a Czochralski pulled single crystal of Ba 8 Ga 16 Ge 30 and polycrystalline disks. Measurements of the electrical conductivity, Hall effect, specific heat,(More)
Thermoelectric clathrates hold significant promise for high temperature applications with zT values exceeding 1.3. The inorganic clathrates have been shown to be both chemically and thermally stable at high temperatures, and high performance can be obtained from both single crystals and processed powders. The clathrates also show excellent compatibility(More)
Powder diffraction is used to study thermal expansion properties of MOF-5 at moderate helium gas pressures: 1.7 bar (100-500 K) and 5-150 bar (150-300 K). The framework shows negative thermal expansion (NTE) at all pressures, but vibrational motions causing NTE are damped with increasing pressures, leading to decreased NTE.
A simple biomolecule-assisted hydrothermal approach has been developed for the fabrication of Bi(2)Te(3) thermoelectric nanomaterials. The product has a nanostring-cluster hierarchical structure which is composed of ordered and aligned platelet-like crystals. The platelets are approximately 100 nm in diameter and only approximately 10 nm thick even though a(More)
Complementary experimental techniques and ab initio calculations were used to determine the origin and nature of negative thermal expansion (NTE) in the archetype metal-organic framework MOF-5 (Zn(4)O(1,4-benzenedicarboxylate)(3)). The organic linker was probed by inelastic neutron scattering under vacuum and at a gas pressure of 175 bar to distinguish(More)
Bismuth-oxide-based materials are the building blocks for modern ferroelectrics, multiferroics, gas sensors, light photocatalysts and fuel cells. Although the cubic fluorite δ-phase of bismuth oxide (δ-Bi2O3) exhibits the highest conductivity of known solid-state oxygen ion conductors, its instability prevents use at low temperature. Here we demonstrate the(More)
Supercritical growth: The formation and evolution of ceria nanoparticles during hydrothermal synthesis was investigated by in situ total scattering and powder diffraction. The nucleation of pristine crystalline ceria nanoparticles originated from previously unknown cerium dimer complexes. The nanoparticle growth was highly accelerated under supercritical(More)