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Osteoprotegerin, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, has pleiotropic effects on bone metabolism, endocrine function, and the immune system. Myocardial expression and circulating levels of osteoprotegerin are increased in heart failure. The relationship between osteoprotegerin levels in the general population and indices of left(More)
Circulating osteoprotegerin (OPG) has been shown to be elevated in patients with vascular disease. The role of OPG as a biomarker for atherosclerosis in a large, unselected population is not well known. Plasma OPG levels were measured in 3,386 subjects in the Dallas Heart Study, a multiethnic, population-based probability sample of adults aged 30 to 65(More)
Persistent left superior vena cava is the most common venous anomaly of the thorax. If unrecognized, it could lead to catheter malplacement and even vascular injuries. We describe a novel use of a Worley sheath for the delivery of a right ventricular (RV) endocardial pacing lead in a 65-year-old male with a persistent left superior vena cava. After failed(More)
The gustatory-vagal hypothesis proposes that gustatory stimulation elicits a coordinated vagal response manifested as an increase in ingestive behaviors (e.g., sucking) and a decrease in nucleus ambiguus vagal tone measured by decreases in the amplitude of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). The current study tested the gustatory-vagal hypothesis in a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of lumbar puncture (LP) in the initial evaluation of symptom-free infants for congenital syphilis. STUDY DESIGN We retrospectively studied infants who had successful LPs and were born to untreated or inadequately treated seropositive women between 1990 and 1993 in two hospitals in Washington, D.C. We identified 329(More)
Chlamydia trachomatis is currently the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States. The prevalence in pregnant women ranges between 2% and 47%. It is well known that C trachomatis can be transmitted from the genital tract of an infected mother to her newborn infant, causing conjunctivitis or pneumonia or both, along with their longstanding(More)
The TNFalpha inhibitor infliximab is widely used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn disease. Mild infusion reactions consisting of low-grade fever, headache, nausea, and fatigue are common, but we describe for the first time the occurrence of an acute coronary syndrome during infliximab administration. This case alerts infusion centers to(More)
BACKGROUND Heart rate turbulence (HRT) has been shown to be vagally mediated with a strong correlation to baroreflex indices. However, the relationship between HRT and peripheral sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) after a premature ventricular contraction (PVC) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE We sought to evaluate the relationship between HRT and the changes in(More)