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MicroRNA (miRNA) has the potential for cross-regulation and functional integration of discrete biological processes during complex physiological events. Utilizing the common human condition tendinopathy as a model system to explore the cross-regulation of immediate inflammation and matrix synthesis by miRNA we observed that elevated IL-33 expression is a(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is closely associated with bone destruction. Once migrated to the bone marrow, MM cells unbalance bone formation and resorption via the recruitment and maturation of osteoclast precursors. The Notch pathway plays a key role in different types of cancer and drives several biological processes relevant in MM, including cell localization(More)
Metal-on-metal hip replacement implants generate wear debris and release ions both locally and systemically in patients. To investigate dissemination of metal, we determined blood and organ levels of cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), and molybdenum (Mo) following the implantation of Co-Cr alloy wear debris in mice using skin pouches as a model system. We observed(More)
Oviducts were obtained from women who elected to undergo sterilization either during a normal menstrual cycle, after the first trimester of pregnancy, or in the puerperium. The percent of ciliated cells, cell height and morphology of the fimbria and ampulla were determined and correlated with the stage of the reporductive cycle and plasma levels of the(More)
Cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) alloy metal-on-metal hip resurfacing is increasingly common among younger more active patients suffering from osteoarthritis. Recent reports have increased awareness of metal ions leaching from metallic articulations; this ion exposure may have adverse effects on the immune system. As previous studies reported alterations in(More)
This study used a rodent air-pouch model to assess the acute inflammatory response to cobalt-chromium (CoCr) alloy wear debris from a metal-on-metal hip resurfacing implant that may contribute to joint failure. Air-pouches were injected with either sterile phosphate-buffered saline, 1 μg lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or 2.5 mg CoCr wear debris. The in situ(More)
The binding of progesterone (P) to a specific cytoplasmic receptor was studied in cytosol fractions prepared from oviducts obtained from women who elected to undergo sterilization either during a normal menstrual cycle, after the first trimester of pregnancy, or in the puerperium. The in vitro cytosol incubations with [3H]P included cortisol, which(More)
Increasingly, inflammatory mediators are considered crucial to the onset and perpetuation of tendinopathy. We sought evidence of interleukin 17A (IL-17A) expression in early human tendinopathy and thereafter, explored mechanisms whereby IL-17A mediated inflammation and tissue remodeling in human tenocytes. Torn supraspinatus tendon (established pathology)(More)
OBJECTIVES To seek evidence of the danger molecule, high-mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) expression in human tendinopathy and thereafter, to explore mechanisms where HMGB1 may regulate inflammatory mediators and matrix regulation in human tendinopathy. METHODS Torn supraspinatus tendon (established pathology) and matched intact subscapularis tendon(More)