Moa Andresen Bergström

Learn More
Contact allergy is caused by a wide range of chemicals after skin contact. Its clinical manifestation, allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), is developed upon repeated contact with the allergen. This perspective focuses on two areas that have yielded new useful information during the last 20 years: (i) structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of contact(More)
Diphenylthiourea (DPTU) is a known skin sensitizer commonly used as a vulcanization accelerator in the production of synthetic rubber, for example, neoprene. The versatile usage of neoprene is due to the multifaceted properties of the material; for example, it is stretchable, waterproof, and chemical- and abrasion-resistant. The wide application of neoprene(More)
Allergic contact dermatitis is a complex syndrome representing immunological responses to cutaneous exposure to protein-reactive chemicals. Although many contact sensitizers directly can elicit this disorder, others (prohaptens) require activation. Knowledge regarding the activating mechanisms remains limited, but one possibility is metabolic activation by(More)
A hapten causing allergic contact dermatitis binds covalently to macromolecules via nucleophilic-electrophilic reactions or radical couplings. A prohapten can be seen as a chemically inert compound without electrophilic or radical forming properties. To exert its activity, the prohapten is activated, for example, metabolically, to the hapten. We have(More)
Metabolic activation of inherently nonprotein-reactive compounds (prohaptens) in the skin can lead to development of contact allergy, a chronic skin disease. The prohapten hypothesis has existed for more than 20 years; yet, detailed knowledge regarding the mechanisms of activation as well as what structural moieties can be transformed to protein-reactive(More)
The monoterpene α-terpinene is used as a fragrance compound and is present in different essential oils. It is one of the components responsible for the antioxidant activity of tea tree oil. α-Terpinene is structurally similar to other monoterpenes, e.g., limonene, known to autoxidize on air exposure and form allergenic compounds. The aim of the present(More)
Bioactivation of low molecular weight compounds in the skin can cause contact sensitization. We have previously shown that the alpha, beta-R-unsaturated oxime R-carvoxime [1, (R)-2-methyl-5-isopropenylcyclohex-2-enone oxime] is bioactivated to two diastereomeric highly reactive and strongly sensitizing alpha, beta-epoxy oxime metabolites. To investigate if(More)
There is a great interest in developing in vitro/in silico methods for the prediction of contact allergenic activity. However, many proposed methods do not take the activation of prohaptens to sensitizers by skin metabolism into account. As a consequence, consumer products containing potent sensitizers could be marketed. To identify prohaptens, studies(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the possible skin sensitizing effect of oximes, employing an alpha,beta-unsaturated oxime as the model compound. Oximes are not frequently used as biologically active compounds. However, they have been shown to possess both anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic activities. Furthermore, in a recent study, a number of oximes(More)
Metabolic activation of chemicals (prohaptens) in the skin can cause allergic contact dermatitis. We have explored structure-allergenic activity relationships for seven potential oxime prohaptens using the local lymph node assay and a GSH trapping screen with liver microsomes. The general structure-allergenic activity relationships found were that an(More)
  • 1