Mladenka Tkalcic

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The objective of the study was to evaluate the health beliefs and knowledge about acne among acne patients and family physicians. A total of 100 patients referred to a dermatologist for management of acne vulgaris and 120 family physicians completed questionnaires. The questionnaires consisted of questions about health beliefs, the natural course of the(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate differences in the health-related quality of life (HRQoL), number of stressful life events, affective status, and some personality characteristics between patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) as well as their possible role in disease activity. METHODS Fifty-six IBS outpatients, age(More)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), the most prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorder, is best described by the presence of recurrent symptoms of abdominal pain, diarrhea and/or constipation. It has been thought that IBS is stress-related disorder with no known structural abnormalities, e.g. infectious, biochemical or metabolic causes. But, recent(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder diagnosed on symptom-based criteria without inclusion of any objective parameter measurable by known diagnostic methods. Heterogeneity of the disorder and overlapping with more serious organic diseases increase uncertainty for the physician's work and increase the cost of confirming the diagnosis. This paper is an(More)
Clinical observations suggest that the nervous system, including psychological factors, can influence the onset and course of alopecia areata (AA). The aim of this study was to determine whether stressful life events, stress perception, and trait-anxiety are risk factors in the onset and course of AA. A group of 45 patients diagnosed with AA and a group of(More)
According to the literature, quality of life has been shown to be reduced in females compared with males with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Psychosocial factors are also playing an important role in IBD, especially emotional lability. The aims of study was to investigate the sex differences in general and specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL),(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is considered a biopsychosocial disorder, whose onset and precipitation are a consequence of interaction among multiple factors which include motility disturbances, abnormalities of gastrointestinal sensation, gut inflammation and infection, altered processing of afferent sensory information, psychological distress, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE According to the cognitive behavioural model of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) selective attention to visceral stimuli is one of the pathophysiological mechanisms in IBS. We aimed to investigate attentional biases in patients with IBS and to explore the relationship between neuroticism, trait anxiety, visceral anxiety and indices of(More)
While dog owners claim that their dogs' greeting behaviour after having performed a misdeed indicates the dogs' 'guilt', current experimental evidence suggests that dogs show these 'guilty look' behaviours as a response to being scolded by their owners. Given reports that 'guilty look' behaviours are shown also in the absence of being scolded, we(More)
The aim of the study was to analyse psychological characteristics and medical parameters in obese and overweight to identify the possible psychosocial consequences of obesity that may occur along with the numerous medical problems associated with excess body weight. Analysis was made on 296 patients (103 males and 193 females, median age 50, range 16-81)(More)