Mizuki Takasu

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BACKGROUND Hypothyroidism may result from the production of antibodies that block the actions of thyrotropin. How often these thyrotropin-blocking antibodies are a cause of hypothyroidism and whether their production may cease, causing hypothyroidism to disappear, have not been extensively studied. METHODS We determined the frequency with which(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) stimulates thyroid cell proliferation. Using primary cultured porcine thyroid cells, we studied the intracellular pathways that mediate the action of IGF-I on thyroid cell proliferation. IGF-I stimulates inositol phosphate accumulation, a rise in cytoplasmic free calcium [( Ca2+]i), and cell proliferation. Exposure to(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a progressive disorder resulting in the destruction and fibrosis of the pancreatic parenchyma which ultimately leads to impairment of the endocrine and exocrine functions. Dimethyl Fumarate (DMF) was recently approved by FDA for treatment of patients with multiple sclerosis. DMF's unique anti-oxidant and(More)
The initial signal for thyroid cell proliferation is unknown. This is the first report to show that epidermal growth factor (EGF) produces inositol phosphates and increases cytoplasmic free calcium ([Ca2+]i) in the thyroid gland. In cultured porcine thyroid cells, 10 nM EGF produces a breakdown of phosphatidylinositol and stimulates inositol phosphate(More)
The evidence for the role of ascorbic acid in gene expression or protein synthesis in vivo is limited. To investigate this role of ascorbic acid, we surveyed proteins whose tissue levels are changed by ascorbic acid deficiency by using ODS rats with a hereditary defect in ascorbic acid biosynthesis. Male ODS rats (7 wk old, body weight approximately 130 g)(More)
Porcine thyroid cells were cultured on collagen gel-coated cover glasses. They were reorganized into polarized monolayer cells; the basal cell membranes were in contact with the collagen gel, and the apical ones faced the culture medium. We studied cytoskeleton organization, resting membrane potentials, and iodine uptake of these cells. The quick-freezing(More)
Orexins are bioactive peptides, which have been shown to play a pivotal role in vigilance state transitions: the loss of orexin-producing neurons (orexin neurons) leads to narcolepsy with cataplexy in the human. However, the effect of the need for sleep (i.e., sleep pressure) on orexin neurons remains largely unknown. Here, we found that immunostaining(More)
OBJECTIVES Nuclear factor-erythroid-2-related factor (Nrf2) is a ubiquitous transcriptional factor that regulates expression of cellular antioxidant and detoxifying molecules. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that administration of the Nrf2 activator (dh404) may attenuate acute pancreatitis. METHODS Rats were treated with dh404 (1 mg/kg)(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclosporine A (CsA) is an immunosuppressive drug which has been widely used to prevent rejection after organ transplantation. However, its therapeutic use is limited by nephrotoxicity, in part mediated by oxidative stress. The present study aims to investigate the protective effects of dimethyl fumarate (DMF) on CsA-induced nephrotoxicity by(More)
AIM To investigate the hypothesis that treatment with dimethyl fumarate (DMF) may ameliorate liver ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/RI). METHODS Rats were divided into 3 groups: sham, control (CTL), and DMF. DMF (25 mg/kg, twice/d) was orally administered for 2 d before the procedure. The CTL and DMF rats were subjected to ischemia for 1 h and reperfusion(More)
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