Learn More
We measured the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in six healthy volunteers with PET (positron emission tomography) and H(15)(2)O to identify the areas of the human brain involved in sensorimotor learning. The learning task was visually guided reaching with sensorimotor discrepancy caused by optical rotation. PET measurements were performed in the early(More)
Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is an adult-onset motoneuron disease caused by a CAG-repeat expansion in the androgen receptor (AR) gene and for which no curative therapy exists. However, since recent research may provide opportunities for medical treatment, information concerning the natural history of SBMA would be beneficial in planning future(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured in six subjects to study changes of activity in the parietal cortex during learning of a visually guided pointing task with a discrepancy of visuomotor coordination and to determine whether reorganization affects the parietal activity after learning. During the early stage of learning, the right posterior(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES There have been a large number of case-control studies using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The objective of this study was to perform an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis for the estimation of the diagnostic accuracy measures of DTI in the diagnosis of ALS using corticospinal tract(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate cognitive impairment in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) and to verify the role of cerebellar involvement in intellectual abilities. METHODS Cognitive function was examined in 18 patients with genetically confirmed SCA6 and in 21 age and education matched controls using a test battery for(More)
OBJECTIVE Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is a hereditary motor neuron disease caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine tract in the androgen receptor (AR). Animal studies have shown that the pathogenesis of SBMA is dependent on serum testosterone level. This study is aimed at evaluating the efficacy and safety of androgen deprivation by(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values and fractional anisotropy (FA) values can detect early pathological involvement in multiple system atrophy (MSA), and be used to differentiate MSA-P (multiple system atrophy if parkinsonian features predominate) from Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS We compared ADC and FA values(More)
Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is an adult-onset, lower motor neuron disease caused by an aberrant elongation of a CAG repeat in the androgen receptor (AR) gene. The main symptoms are weakness and atrophy of bulbar, facial and limb muscles, but sensory disturbances are frequently found in SBMA patients. Motor symptoms have been attributed to the(More)
PURPOSE To profile the detailed clinical features of sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) on large-scale samples in Japan. METHODS We assessed the clinical features of sporadic ALS patients in Japan, based on the nationwide registration system of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan. We described 3,428 new cases registered cases(More)
Regional cerebral glucose metabolic rates were estimated by positron emission tomography, in parallel with electroencephalography and cranial computed tomography in 5 patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. The 5 patients, 3 boys and 2 girls, ranged in age from 10-15 years. Computed tomography revealed no gross abnormalities. Each patient received 2-5 mCi of(More)