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We examined whether 8-bromo-cAMP (8-Br-cAMP)-induced modification of tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) sodium current in neonatal rat nodose ganglion neurons is mediated by the activation of protein kinase A (PKA) and/or protein kinase C (PKC). In 8-Br-cAMP applications ranging from 0.001 to 1.0mM, 8-Br-cAMP at 0.1mM showed a maximal increase in the peak TTX-R(More)
We investigated the properties of glycine-induced responses in Cajal-Retzius cells, a neuronal cell type essential for the establishment of neocortical lamination. Whole-cell and gramicidin-perforated patch-clamp recordings were performed on visually identified Cajal-Retzius cells in tangential slices from neonatal rat cortex (postnatal days 0-3). With a(More)
The suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus is the master circadian clock in mammals. Phase shifts in circadian locomotor activity occur when an animal is exposed to light during the subjective night. An endogenous ligand of opioid receptor like 1, nociceptin is reported to inhibit light-induced phase shifts in locomotor activity rhythm. However, little(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) stimulated 36Cl- influx into membrane vesicles from rat cerebral cortex at 3 to 300 microM in a concentration-dependent manner with near maximum response at 100 microM. Inhibitory potencies for this GABA (100 microM)-dependent 36Cl- uptake were determined for 16 cage convulsants including 10 bicycloorthocarboxylates and 3(More)
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that temporomandibular joint (TMJ) inflammation alters the excitability of trigeminal root ganglion (TRG) neurons innervating the facial skin, by using behavioral, electrophysiological, molecular, and immunohistochemical approaches. Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) was injected into the rat TMJ to produce(More)
The aim of the study was to examine the effects of alpha(2)-adrenoreceptor agonists on the excitability of trigeminal root ganglion (TRG) neurons using the perforated patch-clamp technique, and to determine whether these neurons express mRNA for alpha(2)-adrenoreceptors. In current-clamp mode, the resting membrane potential was -57.4+/-1.2 mV (n=26). Most(More)
Although vasopressin V1 receptors have been shown to exist in both luminal and basolateral membranes of rabbit cortical collecting duct (CCD), exact cell types having V1 receptors remain unestablished. To identify the distribution of V1 receptor by cytoplasmic Ca2+ response, we utilized the confocal imaging system in the microperfused rabbit CCD.(More)
A selective GABA(B) receptor agonist, baclofen, is known to suppress neuropathic pain. In the present study, we investigated the effect of baclofen on the excitability of trigeminal root ganglion (TRG) neurons by using the whole cell and perforated patch-clamp recording techniques. Under voltage-clamp (V(h)=-60 mV), voltage-dependent K(+) currents were(More)
To determine how protein kinase C (PKC) activity influences properties of the tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium current (TTX-R I(Na)) in neonatal rat nodose ganglion (NG) neurons, we assessed the effects of phorbol,-12-myristate,13-acetate (PMA), one of the PKC activators, and staurosporine, one of the PKC inhibitors, on the current. PMA (30 and 100 nM) induced(More)