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We have used mRNA differential display to isolate genes that are induced by neural activity in rat hippocampus. One of these encodes activin beta A subunit. Convulsive seizure caused by kainate significantly induced the expression of activin beta A mRNA. Furthermore high frequency stimulation (HFS) of perforant pathway, which produced a persistent long-term(More)
We found that neurocan, a major brain chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan, interacts with HSPGs (heparan sulphate proteoglycans) such as syndecan-3 and glypican-1. Binding of these HSPGs to neurocan was prevented by treatment of the HSPGs with heparitinases I and II, but not by treatment of neurocan with chondroitinase ABC. Scatchard plot analysis indicated(More)
The Long Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rat spontaneously develops fulminant hepatitis, which is usually lethal due to excess copper accumulation in the liver and is considered an animal model of Wilson's disease. LEC rats show a strong appetite for proline solution. Daily oral (p.o.) administration of proline resulted in significant delay of mortality. Feeding a(More)
As a test for specific hunger for amino acids with the goal of identifying brain regions which might mediate motivation to alleviate L-lysine (Lys) deficiency, rats were trained to lever press to receive complete diet. Rats were given Lys deficient (Lys-def) diet ad lib. Intraperitoneal (IP) injection of Lys, 2 h before the test session, inhibited lever(More)
PURPOSE It has been reported that tumor progression is correlated with the serum level of interleukin 6 (IL-6). The purpose of this study was to investigate by what mechanism, other than production from tumor cell, the serum level of IL-6 is elevated in the tumor-bearing state. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Monocytes from healthy donors were cultured in the(More)
Rats were trained to maintain a high rate of bar pressing to receive 50-mg pellets of a complete diet when given a lysine-deficient (Lys-def) diet ad libitum. This bar-pressing behavior was significantly inhibited when rats were also allowed ad libitum access to 0.4 M Lys to drink. A brain activin system may modulate motivation to engage in bar-pressing(More)
The effect of continuous L-lysine (Lys) infusion on dietary choice between Lys deficient and protein-free diets in Sprague-Dawley rats was studied to determine the sensing site of Lys deficiency. After daily intake of each diet became constant, Lys was continuously infused for 11 days via intraperitoneal (IP), intragastric (IG) or intracerebroventricular(More)
To identify brain mechanisms which mediate hunger for amino acid (e.g. L-lysine; Lys) deficiency, rats were trained to bar press (FR30 schedule) to receive 50 mg pellets of a complete diet. Rats given a lysine deficient (Lys-def) diet ad libitum maintained a high rate of bar pressing but when allowed ad libitum access to 0.4 M Lys to drink had a significant(More)
The effect of locally applied adrenergic blockers in the restricted area of the central nervous system on morphine analgesia and the development of tolerance to the analgesic effect was examined in the mouse. Intrathecal (i.t.) injection of phentolamine decreased the analgesic effect of morphine administered either subcutaneous (s.c.),(More)
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