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Extracellular nucleotides, such as ATP, are released from cells in response to various stimuli and act as intercellular signaling molecules through activation of P2 receptors. Exposure to the ultraviolet radiation A (UVA) component of sunlight causes molecular and cellular damage, and in this study, we investigated the involvement of extracellular(More)
Capillary isotachophoresis is a useful method for the analysis of many ion components of various sizes of molecules. Analysis of human serum protein was performed with the Shimadzu capillary isotachophoresis IP-3A. The leading electrolyte system consisted of 5.0 mM hydrochloric acid with 10 mM ammediol as the counter ion and the viscous agent (0.2% HPMC(More)
5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and 2,5furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) are biomass derivatives that can provide environmentally sustainable fuel and industrial products. This paper investigates the interactions of HMF and FDCA with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), a polar aprotic solvent that has been reported to have a significant effect on HMF yield. Intermolecular(More)
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