Miyoko Street

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Differentiation of pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells through multipotent neural stem (NS) cells into differentiated neurons is accompanied by wholesale changes in transcriptional programs. One factor that is present at all three stages and a key to neuronal differentiation is the RE1-silencing transcription factor (REST/NRSF). Here, we have used a novel(More)
Establishment of neuronal identity requires co-ordinated expression of specific batteries of genes. These programs of gene expression are executed by activation of neuron-specific genes in neuronal cells and their repression in non-neuronal cells. Such co-ordinate regulation requires that individual activators and repressors regulate transcription from(More)
The control of gene expression in neural stem cells is key to understanding their developmental and therapeutic potential, yet we know little of the transcriptional mechanisms that underlie their differentiation. Recent evidence has implicated the RE1 silencing transcription factor (REST) in neuronal differentiation. However, the means by which REST(More)
Mammalian annexins are implicated in several physiological mechanisms based on their calcium-dependent phospholipid/membrane binding and carbohydrate-binding activities. In this study, we investigated gene expression profiles of all four Caenorhabditis elegans annexins, nex-1, -2, -3 and -4, throughout the development, and compared phospholipid- and(More)
Development of the nervous system is accompanied by expansion and differentiation of the neuronal progenitors within the embryonic neuroepithelium. Although the role of growth factors in this process is well documented, there is increasing evidence for a role of neurotransmitters. Acetylcholine is known to exert many actions on developing neural cells, but(More)
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity has been demonstrated histochemically in rat hypothalamic ependyma using the sulphate-tetrazolium and coupled peroxidatic techniques with tryptamine, tyramine, 5-hydroxytryptamine and benzylamine as substrates. Both methods were applied to cryostat sections with and without exposure to selective amine oxidase inhibitors,(More)
Spectrin is a cytoskeletal protein that plays a role in formation of the specialized plasma membrane domains. However, little is known of the molecular mechanism that regulates responses of spectrin to extracellular stimuli, such as activation of G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). We have found that alphaII spectrin is a component of the(More)
Sm14 is a 14-kDa vaccine candidate antigen from Schistosoma mansoni that seems to be involved in cytoplasmic trafficking of fatty acids. Although schistosomes have a high requirement for lipids, they are not able to synthesize fatty acids and sterols de novo. Thus, they must acquire host lipids. In order to determine whether Sm14 is present in different(More)
Work from a number of laboratories including our own has shown that foreign B-epitopes inserted into the c/e1-region of Hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg) elicit powerful antibody responses when mice are immunised with the recombinant core particles. In the present study, we wished to take advantage of the immunodominance of the c/e1-region to deliver(More)