Learn More
In exocrine glands, secretory proteins synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) exhibit vectorial transport from ER through a succession of membrane-bounded components such as Golgi complex, condensing vacuoles and secretory granules. The secretory granules migrate to particular locations within the cell close to the apical membrane prior to the(More)
Aquaporins (AQPs) are integral membrane proteins that function as channels for the transfer of water and small solutes across membranes. In mammalian cells, 13 isoforms (AQP0-12) have been identified, and these exhibit unique patterns of expression in various cell types and tissues. Among these isoforms, AQP6 is considered to function not as water channel,(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is expressed in salivary glands. We examined the effects of IGF-I on cell number, the expression and distribution of tight junction proteins and the paracellular barrier function in cells derived from rat submandibular glands. When those cells were cultured in medium containing 10% foetal bovine serum (FBS) or IGF-I, the(More)
In secretory granules and vesicles, membrane transporters have been predicted to permeate water molecules, ions and/or small solutes to swell the granules and promote membrane fusion. We have previously demonstrated that aquaporin-6 (AQP6), a water channel protein, which permeates anions, is localized in rat parotid secretory granules (Matsuki-Fukushima et(More)
OBJECTIVE CCN family member 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) is known as an osteogenesis-related molecule and is thought to be implicated in tooth growth. Bone morphogenetic protein-1 (BMP-1) contributes to tooth development by the degradation of dentin-specific substrates as a metalloprotease. In this study, we demonstrated the correlations(More)
The mechanism involved in the sorting and accumulation of secretory cargo proteins, such as amylase, into secretory granules of exocrine cells remains to be solved. To clarify that sorting mechanism, we expressed a reporter protein HaloTag fused with partial sequences of salivary amylase protein in primary cultured parotid acinar cells. We found that a(More)
Myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS) is known as a major cellular substrate for protein kinase C (PKC). MARCKS has been implicated in the regulation of brain development and postnatal survival, cellular migration and adhesion, as well as phagocytosis, endocytosis, and exocytosis. The involvement of MARCKS phosphorylation in secretory(More)
In order to assess the contribution of the water channel aquaporin-5 (AQP5) to water transport by salivary gland acinar cells, we measured the cell volume and activation energy (E a) of diffusive water permeability in isolated parotid acinar cells obtained from AQP5-G103D mutant and their wild-type rats. Immunohistochemistry showed that there was no change(More)
Sjögren's syndrome and therapeutic radiation for head and neck cancers result in irreversible changes in the parenchyma of salivary glands, loss of acinar cells, prominence of duct cells, and fibrosis. To clarify mechanisms of salivary gland dysfunction, we identified a signaling pathway involved in the dedifferentiation of primary cultures of parotid(More)