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We have developed a dissociated suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) cell culture system in order to begin a cellular analysis of the mammalian circadian oscillator. Monolayer-cultured neurons prepared from the SCN regions of 1-day-old rats were maintained in serum-free culture medium for 3-4 weeks and then perfused. In 12 out of 40 wells, a circadian oscillation(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, paraneoplastic encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma has been described and related to an autoantibody. METHODS We describe four patients with ovarian teratoma-associated encephalitis (OTE) and compared their clinical pictures with those of 17 previously reported patients with OTE. RESULTS Clinically, OTE was characterized(More)
Experiments were performed to determine if the circadian clock reentrains more quickly to an 8-hour phase shift in light-dark (LD) cycles than does the overt rhythm of activity. To investigate the reentrainment of the clock itself to an 8-hour advance or delay in the LD cycle, the rats were released into constant darkness only two or three days after a(More)
To determine whether eosinophils play a critical role in muscle fiber damage in patients with eosinophilic myositis (EM). We investigated expression of eosinophilic major basic protein (MBP) and interleukin (IL)-5 at the protein and mRNA levels in muscle biopsies from three patients with idiopathic EM. MBP deposits were found on the surface of eosinophils(More)
PURPOSE To quantify impairment of the basal ganglia (globus pallidus and thalamus) in adult-onset dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA). METHODS Five patients with genetically definite adult-onset DRPLA (aged 51 to 65 years, mean 55.6 years) and 5 age- and sex-matched healthy controls underwent conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and(More)
We investigated expression of costimulatory molecules BB-1, B7-1 (CD80), B7-2 (CD86), and their counter-receptors CD28 and CTLA-4 (CD152) in muscle biopsy specimens of patients with scleroderma-polymyositis overlap syndrome (SSc-PM), primary polymyositis (PM), and other related diseases to examine whether the muscle fibers in patients with SSc-PM behave as(More)
OBJECTIVE : The objective of this study was to characterize the involvement of costimulatory molecules in patients with polymyositis (PM). METHODS : A multiparameter flow cytometry analysis was used to identify peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMNC) subsets expressing CD8, CD4, and CD28 in 14 patients with PM, 10 patients with Duchenne muscular(More)
To clarify the involvement of calpains in sarcolemmal remodeling, we examined the expression of calpains and their substrate, alpha-fodrin, in various disorders of muscle. Although immunohistological reactions for alpha-fodrin and calpains were weak in normal control muscles, intense immunoreactivity for alpha-fodrin at the sarcolemma and for calpains(More)
This report describes a case of a 17-year-old girl with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) representing rigid spine and respiratory failure. At age 11, she tended to walk on her toes and had difficulty in getting up from the floor without support. She became aware of flexion limitation of the neck at the age of 12. At 15 years of age, She began to have(More)