Miwa Sugiura

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Differently hydrated films of photosystem II (PSII) core complexes from Synechococcus elongatus were prepared in a humidity-controlled infrared cell. The relative humidity was changed by a simple method of placing a different ratio of glycerol/water solution in the sealed cell. The extent of hydration of the PSII film was lowered as the glycerol ratio(More)
The thermophilic cyanobacterium, Thermosynechococcus elongatus, has been grown in the presence of Sr2+ instead of Ca2+ with the aim of biosynthetically replacing the Ca2+ of the oxygen-evolving enzyme with Sr2+. Not only were the cells able to grow normally with Sr2+, they actively accumulated the ion to levels higher than those of Ca2+ in the normal(More)
Bicarbonate is known to be required for the maximum activity of photosystem II. Although it is well established that bicarbonate is bound to the nonheme iron to regulate the quinone reactions, the effect of bicarbonate on oxygen evolution is still controversial, and its binding site and exact physiological roles remain to be clarified. In this study, the(More)
The vibrations of a water molecule in the water-oxidizing complex (WOC) of photosystem II were detected for the first time using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. In a flash-induced FTIR difference spectrum upon the S(1)-to-S(2) transition, a pair of positive and negative bands was observed at 3618 and 3585 cm(-1), respectively, and both bands(More)
Thin-layer cell spectroelectrochemistry, featuring rigorous potential control and rapid redox equilibration within the cell, was used to measure the redox potential E(m)(Phe a/Phe a(-)) of pheophytin (Phe) a, the primary electron acceptor in an oxygen-evolving photosystem (PS) II core complex from a thermophilic cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus.(More)
Photosynthetic water oxidation is performed via the light-driven S-state cycle in the water-oxidizing complex (WOC) of photosystem II (PS II). To understand its molecular mechanism, monitoring the reaction of substrate water in each S-state transition is essential. We have for the first time detected the reactions of water molecules in WOC throughout the(More)
Chloroplasts take up cytosolic nitrite during nitrate assimilation. In this study we identified a nitrite transporter located in the chloroplasts of higher plants. The transporter, CsNitr1-L, a member of the proton-dependent oligopeptide transporter (POT) family, was detected during light-induced chloroplast development in de-etiolating cucumber seedlings.(More)
The active site for water oxidation in photosystem II goes through five sequential oxidation states (S(0) to S(4)) before O(2) is evolved. It consists of a Mn(4)Ca cluster close to a redox-active tyrosine residue (Tyr(Z)). Cl(-) is also required for enzyme activity. To study the role of Ca(2+) and Cl(-) in PSII, these ions were biosynthetically substituted(More)
The main cofactors involved in Photosystem II (PSII) oxygen evolution activity are borne by two proteins, D1 (PsbA) and D2 (PsbD). In Thermosynechococcus elongatus, a thermophilic cyanobacterium, the D1 protein is predominantly encoded by either the psbA(1) or the psbA(3) gene, the expression of which depends on the environmental conditions. In this work,(More)
A Ca(2+) ion is an indispensable element in the oxygen-evolving Mn cluster in photosystem II (PSII). To investigate the structural relevance of Ca(2+) to the Mn cluster, the effects of Sr(2+) substitution for Ca(2+) on the structures and reactions of ligands to the Mn cluster during the S-state cycle were investigated using flash-induced Fourier transform(More)