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We identified three novel human type-II classic cadherins, cadherin-7, -9 and -10, by cDNA cloning and sequencing, and confirmed that they interact with catenins and function in cell-cell adhesion as do other classic cadherins. Cell-cell binding activities of the eight human type-II classic cadherins, including the three new molecules, were evaluated by(More)
To investigate the role of the heme axial ligand in the conformational stability of c-type cytochrome, we constructed M58C and M58H mutants of the red alga Porphyra yezoensis cytochrome c(6) in which the sixth heme iron ligand (Met58) was replaced with Cys and His residues, respectively. The Gibbs free energy change for unfolding of the M58H mutant in water(More)
Potent anti-adherent activity was detected in fermentation extracts of microbial strain FO-5050. Active compounds designated macrosphelide A and B were isolated and the structure was determined to be 16-membered macrolide antibiotics possessing three ester bonds in the ring structure. Macrosphelide A dose-dependently inhibited the adhesion of HL-60 cells to(More)
A eukaryotic sequence-specific endonuclease, Endo.SceI, causes sequence-specific double-stranded scission of double-stranded DNA to produce cohesive ends with four bases protruding at the 3' termini. Unlike in the case of restriction enzymes, an asymmetric 26-base pair consensus sequence was found around the cleavage site for Endo.SceI instead of a common(More)
Japanese eel immunoglobulin M (IgM) was purified from the sera of Anguilla japonica immunized with Edwardsiella tarda FPU 347 and characterized. Analysis of the purified IgM on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels (SDS-PAGE) under reducing and non-reducing conditions revealed that the eel IgM was a tetrameric protein with a molecular weight of(More)
To identify proteinases involved in programmed cell death of the silk glands of Bombyx mori, we measured enzyme activities in silk gland homogenates. Several peptidyl-4-methylcoumaryl-7-amides (MCAs) and bovine hemoglobin were used as substrates in the presence and absence of proteinase inhibitors. The hydrolysis of t-butyloxycarbonyl-Phe-Ser-Arg-MCA(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a chemical messenger generated by the activity of the nitric oxide synthases (NOS). The NOS/NO system appears to be involved in oocyte maturation, but there are few studies on gene expression and protein activity in oocytes of cattle. The present study aimed to investigate gene expression and protein activity of NOS in immature and in(More)
New anticell-adherence compounds, macrosphelides A and B, were isolated from the fermentation broth of Microsphaeropis sp. FO-5050, and their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and chemical transformations. Macrosphelides A (M.W. 342, C16H22O8) and B (M.W. 340, C16H20O8) with three esters in their molecules were classified as 16-membered(More)
During the purification of macrosphelides A and B in the cultured broth of FO-5050, we discovered two new 1 6-memberedmacrocyclic compounds, macrosphelides C (1) and D (2) (Fig. 1). This paper describes physicochemical properties structural determination and biological activities of 1 and 2. The fermentation of strain FO-5050 was carried out in the same way(More)
To search for a Bcl-2 family homologue in the posterior silk gland of Bombyx mori, Western blot analysis was performed with the anti-rat Bcl-XL antiserum preabsorbed with a XL1-Blue MRF' lysate. The antiserum was shown to cross-react specifically with a silkworm protein of 80000 mol. wt (BmP80). The level of BmP80 increased dramatically during the spinning(More)