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The effects of selective mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptor agonists on the discriminative stimulus properties of cocaine were examined in rats trained to discriminate between cocaine (10 mg/kg) and saline. Cocaine produced a dose-related increase in cocaine-appropriate responses in all of the rats. In generalization tests, neither morphine (mu-opioid(More)
Effects of buprenorphine, U-50,488H, naltrexone and lithium chloride on cocaine conditioned place preference were examined. Buprenorphine, a mixed opioid agonist-antagonist, blocked the cocaine-induced place preference. Furthermore, the kappa-receptor agonist U-50,488H and the mu-receptor antagonist naltrexone both antagonized the cocaine preference.(More)
The present study examined a rapid and convenient model for evaluating nicotine dependence using the conditioned place preference paradigm. Rats were chronically infused subcutaneously with 9 mg/kg per day nicotine using an osmotic minipump. After nicotine infusion for 7 days, the nicotinic receptor antagonist mecamylamine produced a place aversion in(More)
Treatment with acetylcholine (ACh) of a beta-escin-permeabilized intrapulmonary bronchial smooth muscle of the rat induced force when the Ca2+ concentration was clamped at 1 microM. The ACh-induced Ca2+ sensitization of myofilaments was significantly greater in antigen-induced airway hyperresponsive rats than in control rats. The ACh-induced Ca2+(More)
The effects of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, MDL72222 and ICS205-930, on cocaine- and methamphetamine-induced place preference were examined. Cocaine (0.5-4.0 mg/kg, ip) and methamphetamine (0.25-2.0 mg/kg, ip) induced a dose-dependent place preference. The cocaine (4 mg/kg)-induced place preference was blocked by both MDL72222 and ICS205-930 (0.1 mg/kg, ip).(More)
The effects of i.c.v. treatment with pertussis toxin (PTX) on the motivational effect of opioid agonists were examined in mice. Morphine (0.1-10 nmol, i.c.v.), [D-Ala2, N-MePhe4, Gly-ol5]enkephalin (DAGO, 0.001-0.1 nmol, i.c.v.), a selective mu-opioid receptor agonist, and [D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin (DPDPE, 1-15 nmol, i.c.v.), a selective delta-opioid(More)
We recently demonstrated that combining cocaine and morphine could enhance their reinforcing effects which may be mediated by the dopaminergic system. In the present study, the effects of cocaine and morphine on the discriminative stimulus effects of morphine and cocaine, respectively, were examined. Furthermore, dopaminergic mediation in the discriminative(More)
RATIONALE Augmented bronchial smooth muscle (BSM) contraction is one of the causes of bronchial hyperresponsiveness. The protein RhoA and its downstream pathways have now been proposed as a new target for asthma therapy. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in normal and diseased cell functions, and a contribution of miR-133 to RhoA expression has been(More)
The effects of systemic (s.c.) treatment with the kappa-agonists U-50,488H and E-2078 (a stable dynorphin analog) on the morphine-induced place preference were examined in mice. Morphine (s.c.) caused a dose-related preference for the drug-associated place; the effects at doses of 3 and 5 mg/kg were significant. On the other hand, U-50,488H or E-2078(More)
The purpose of this study was to establish the ethanol-induced place preference in rats exposed to foot shock stress using the conditioned place preference paradigm. We also investigated the role of the endogenous opioid system in the development of the ethanol-induced place preference. The administration of ethanol (300 mg/kg, i.p.) with foot shock stress,(More)