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The effect of negative supercoiling on a series of synthetic Escherichia coli promoters has been investigated. These promoters carry perfect consensus sequences at the -35 and -10 regions, but with different spacer lengths (Aoyama, T. et al. (1983) Nucleic Acids Res. 11, 5855-5864). Topoisomeric plasmids carrying these synthetic promoters were constructed,(More)
A promoter with the consensus sequence(TTGACA and TATAAT) at -35 and -10 regions was constructed, and the distance between the two consensus sequences was independently altered at two restriction sites. In an in vitro transcription system, a maximum activity was observed at the spacer length of 17 base-pairs regardless of the sites of space adjustment.(More)
The potential of nucleosome assembly along the sequence of a plasmid carrying the long terminal repeat (LTR) and its flanking region of Moloney murine leukemia virus was analyzed by in vitro reconstitution experiments with histones from chicken erythrocytes. The results of electrophoretic mobility-shift and micrococcal nuclease-digestion assays indicated(More)
A DNA fragment that carried the genes coding for FokI endonuclease and methylase was cloned from the chromosomal DNA of Flavobacterium okeanokoites, and the coding regions were assigned to the nucleotide sequence by deletion analysis. The methylase gene was 1,941 base pairs (bp) long, corresponding to a protein of 647 amino acid residues (Mr = 75,622), and(More)
On the basis of the observation that dnaA protein binds preferentially to DNA fragments carrying the Escherichia coli chromosomal replication origin (oriC), the binding sites were investigated by DNase I footprinting. As a result, three strong binding sites were identified in the minimal oriC sequence. The respective binding sites were 16 to 17 base-pairs(More)
The inducibility of the vir genes (virA, -B, -C, -D, -E, and -G) on pRiA4 was examined at the transcriptional level, and the RNA-starting sites were determined by S1-nuclease mapping and primer-extension experiments. All of these genes were inducible, while virA, -E, and -G were transcribed even under noninducing conditions. Each transcription of virB, -C,(More)
The VirG protein is a positive regulator for the virulence genes of which expression is induced by a plant factor, and is essential for Agrobacterium pathogenicity on dicotyledonous plants. The VirG protein of the hairy-root-inducing plasmid A4 was overproduced in Escherichia coli cells, and purified to homogeneity. DNase I footprinting experiments revealed(More)