Mitumasa Okamoto

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The production and roles of endogenous gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in both lethal and nonlethal infections of Staphylococcus aureus were investigated in mice. In the case of nonlethal infection, although no bacteria were detected in the bloodstreams, bacteria that colonized and proliferated(More)
Suckling and adult mice were infected intragastrically with different doses of viable Listeria monocytogenes. The 50% lethal dose for the intragastric infection was 10(3.7) CFU for suckling mice, while adult mice were highly resistant and the 50% lethal dose was more than 10(9.3) CFU. When adult mice were infected intragastrically with 5 x 10(8) CFU of L.(More)
In urodele amphibians like the newt, complete retina and lens regeneration occurs throughout their lives. In contrast, anuran amphibians retain this capacity only in the larval stage and quickly lose it during metamorphosis. It is believed that they are unable to regenerate these tissues after metamorphosis. However, contrary to this generally accepted(More)
It is well known that IFN-gamma is crucial in the host defense against an intravenous infection with Listeria monocytogenes in mice. Recent studies have shown that listeriosis is caused by a food-born infection. Therefore, the production and role of IFN-gamma in the small intestines of intragastric infected-mice were investigated. On day 1 of infection, the(More)
Mice were protected against a lethal infection with Listeria monocytogenes when treated with low doses of an anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (MAb). Injection of anti-CD3 MAb induced rapid production of endogenous tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in the spleens and endogenous gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) in the bloodstreams and spleens of mice. Administration of(More)
The effects of dexamethasone (DEX) on a lethal infection with Listeria monocytogenes were studied in mice. Mice were completely protected against the lethal infection when treated with 3.3 mg per kg of DEX. The effect was observed only when DEX was injected before infection. The control mice died from day 3 to day 5 of infection, whereas DEX-treated mice(More)
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