Mitsuyuki Nakao

Learn More
In contrast to the ultrasonic measurement of fetal heart motion, the fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) provides clinically significant information concerning the electrophysiological state of a fetus. In this paper, a novel method for extracting the fetal ECG from abdominal composite signals is proposed. This method consists of the cancellation of the mother's(More)
Physiological knowledge of the neural mechanisms regulating sleep and wakefulness has been advanced by the recent findings concerning sleep/wakefulness-related preoptic/anterior hypothalamic and perifornical (orexin-containing)/posterior hypothalamic neurons. In this paper, we propose a mathematical model of the mechanisms orchestrating a quartet neural(More)
Entrainment of the circadian rhythm has 2 aspects, period and phase adjustments, which are established simultaneously in most nonhuman circadian systems. The human circadian system is unique in its functional structure in which 2 different subsystems are involved; one is the circadian pacemaker analogous to that located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus, and(More)
Multiunit recording with multi-site electrodes in the brain has been widely used in neuroscience studies. After the data recording, neuronal spikes should be sorted according to the pattern of spike waveforms. For the spike sorting, independent component analysis (ICA) has recently been used because ICA has potential for resolving the problem to separate(More)
We investigated the temporal relationship between hippocampal theta waves and ponto-geniculo-occipital waves (PGO) during rapid eye movement sleep (REM sleep) in cats. In addition, we analyzed the relationship between hippocampal theta waves and PGO as elicited by tone stimulus (PGO(E)) in order to quantitively characterize the PGO wave generator mechanism.(More)
Theta waves in the amygdala are known to be synchronized with theta waves in the hippocampus. Synchronization between amygdala and hippocampal theta waves is considered important for neuronal communication between these regions during the memory-retrieval process. These theta waves are also observed during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. However, few(More)
Temporal relationships between hippocampal theta waves and pontine waves (P waves) during rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep were investigated in rats. P waves were phase-locked to the positive theta peak. The phase relationships of P waves elicited by a tone stimulus (P(E) waves) to hippocampal theta waves were also analyzed to qualitatively clarify the(More)
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is characterized by hippocampal theta waves and phasic spike-like waves originating from the pons, termed ponto-geniculo-occipital (PGO) waves in cats and pontine (P) waves in rats. While the theta wave and PGO/P wave have been suggested to participate in higher-order brain functions, their generation mechanisms and roles in(More)
The study demonstrated that ponto-geniculo-occipital (PGO) waves are phase-locked with hippocampal theta-waves during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. A possible mechanism for influencing a PGO wave generator by hippocampal theta-waves was hypothesized. The generator is known to receive afferent inputs such as auditory input. To test this hypothesis, the(More)