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Rats were used in a study of the effects of repeated methamphetamine treatment on stereotyped behavior and striatal and limbic dopamine metabolism in response to challenge with the drug or other dopamine agonists. Repeated administration of d-methamphetamine (6 mg/kg per day for 3-14 days) produced long-term behavioral sensitization (augmented response to a(More)
In the analysis of post-mortem brains of 14 chronic schizophrenic patients and 10 controls, biochemical evidence of a hyperdopaminergic state was found in the basal ganglia of schizophrenics; tyrosine hydroxylase activity was increased with a concomitant increase of homovanillic acid. Unusually high tyrosine hydroxylase activity was noted in 2 schizophrenic(More)
The effect of hydralazine in the alteration of blood sugar, tissue glycogen and blood cAMP levels in rats were investigated. Hydralazine was found to increase blood sugar level in intact rats when administered i.p. On the other hand, this hyperglycemia was partially blocked either by the treatment of intact rats with propranolol, beta-adrenergic blocker, or(More)
A 43-year-old male visited our hospital with the complaint of right flank colicky pain. Computed tomographic (CT)-scan and angiography showed large renal tumor with liver invasion and tumor thrombosis in the vena cava. Multiple lung and bone tumors were also recognized. Percutaneous biopsy of the renal tumor revealed small cell carcinoma. Multiple lung(More)
[3H]Kainic acid binding sites were measured post mortem in the putamen and prefrontal cortex areas from 10 control subjects and 12 schizophrenic patients. A 25-50% increase in [3H]kainic acid binding was observed in the medial frontal (Brodmann areas 9, 10 and 46) and eye-movement areas (8), but not in the other regions of schizophrenic brains. No(More)
In order to clarify the neuronal transmission mechanism of photic stimulation in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the effects of agonists and antagonists for excitatory amino acid receptors on N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity in the pineal gland were observed following the microinjection of drugs into both sides of the nuclei. N-Methyl-D-aspartate(More)
In order to assess the hypothesis that excitatory amino acids (EAA) are involved in the transmission of light information from retina to suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and pineal via the retinohypothalamic tract (RHT), we have determined whether injections of EAA agonist into SCN could mimic the suppressive effects of light pulse on pineal melatonin(More)
The diagnostic value of determination of serum mannan levels was studied in 41 patients with candiduria and 20 control patients without candiduria. The patients with candiduria comprised 18 asymptomatic afebrile patients (group 1) and 23 febrile patients with suspected Candida pyelonephritis (group 2). Mannan antigenemia (> or equal to 0.5 ng/ml) was(More)
We investigated the effects of chronic treatment with food containing one of five antidepressants on substance P (SP) content in the rat brain using radioimmunoassay and enzyme-immunoassay. The antidepressants used were imipramine, desipramine, clomipramine, amoxapine and mianserin. Following 40 days of treatment, all the antidepressants decreased SP(More)
The dopamine-rich regions of post-mortem brains from 6 schizophrenics and 7 controls were analyzed. There were no significant changes in dopamine concentrations in basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens of schizophrenics compared with controls. Schizophrenic basal ganglia (putamen and caudate) showed significantly higher levels of homovanillic acid, and(More)