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We examined the characteristics of binding of radiolabeled N,N-dipropyl-2-[4-methoxy-3-(2-phenylethoxy)phenyl]-ethylamine monohydrochloride ([3H] NE-100), a highly potent and selective sigma-receptor ligand, to guinea-pig brain membranes. [3H]NE-100 showed saturable and reversible binding to sigma binding sites. A dissociation constant (Kd) and maximal(More)
Age-related vascular diseases are induced by vascular dysfunction, which involves changes in the vasomotor response. The voltage-dependent L-type calcium channel (VDCC) protein is involved in the regulation of vessel function (contraction/relaxation action). In the present study, we evaluated age-related vasomotor function and expression of the(More)
A 63-year-old Japanese man presented with constipation, having noticed flat stools for several years. Digital examination of the rectum, followed by barium enema, colonofiberscopy, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an oval mass located between the retrorectal and presacral space without any mucosal lesion. This mass had(More)
BACKGROUND Tryptophan-histidine (Trp-His) was found to suppress the activity of the Ca²⁺/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein kinases II (CaMKII), which requires the Ca²⁺-CaM complex for an initial activation. In this study, we attempted to clarify whether Trp-His inhibits Ca²⁺-CaM complex formation, a CaMKII activator. METHODS The ability of Trp-His and(More)
Trp-His is the only vasoactive di-peptide known to regulate intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i) and prevent the onset of atherosclerosis in mice. In this study, we showed that Trp-His reduced the [Ca(2+)]i elevation in phospholipase C-activated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), while a mixture of the corresponding constituent amino acids did not show(More)
Our previous findings regarding the biological activities of small peptides revealed that a di-peptide, Trp-His (WH), could play a role in the prevention of vascular lesions, including cell proliferation and atherosclerosis. Its vasoprotective effects could be associated with suppression of the vasocontraction signaling cascade, but the underlying(More)
Most of the investigations for an alternative medicinal treatment on atherosclerosis have been focused on natural or dietary compounds including phytochemicals. So far, few studies regarding anti-atherosclerotic small peptides except for tetrapeptide of Lys-Arg-Glu-Ser have been reported. The present study was, thus, to investigate whether dipeptide(More)
In the present study, we primarily attempted to identify di- and tri-peptides showing potent vasodilation in 1.0 microM phenylephrine-contracted thoracic aortas of Sprague-Dawley rats. Synthetic 15 Trp-His (WH) skeleton analogues were used for rat aorta ring's force measurements, since WH was found to be a vasoactive di-peptide so far. Among the synthesized(More)
Adenine had a concentration-dependent relaxation action on the phenylephrine-contracted aorta ring, with an EC(50) value of 0.40±0.12 mM. This effect was also observed in the endothelium-denuded aorta. Among the adenine analogues, N-methyladenine and benzimidazole still evoked an apparent relaxation effect, while 1-, 3- or 7-methyladenine and imidazole were(More)
The aim of this study was to point out the potential of tartary buckwheat on vascular functions. A nonabsorbed fraction of hot-water extract of tartary buckwheat on a SP70 column (TBSP-T), which was free from rutin, was used for this aim. In a contractile experiment using Sprague-Dawley rat thoracic aorta rings contracted by 1.0 microM phenylephrine (PE) or(More)