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Age-related vascular diseases are induced by vascular dysfunction, which involves changes in the vasomotor response. The voltage-dependent L-type calcium channel (VDCC) protein is involved in the regulation of vessel function (contraction/relaxation action). In the present study, we evaluated age-related vasomotor function and expression of the(More)
Our previous findings regarding the biological activities of small peptides revealed that a di-peptide, Trp-His (WH), could play a role in the prevention of vascular lesions, including cell proliferation and atherosclerosis. Its vasoprotective effects could be associated with suppression of the vasocontraction signaling cascade, but the underlying(More)
BACKGROUND Tryptophan-histidine (Trp-His) was found to suppress the activity of the Ca²⁺/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein kinases II (CaMKII), which requires the Ca²⁺-CaM complex for an initial activation. In this study, we attempted to clarify whether Trp-His inhibits Ca²⁺-CaM complex formation, a CaMKII activator. METHODS The ability of Trp-His and(More)
In the present study, we primarily attempted to identify di- and tri-peptides showing potent vasodilation in 1.0 microM phenylephrine-contracted thoracic aortas of Sprague-Dawley rats. Synthetic 15 Trp-His (WH) skeleton analogues were used for rat aorta ring's force measurements, since WH was found to be a vasoactive di-peptide so far. Among the synthesized(More)
Most of the investigations for an alternative medicinal treatment on atherosclerosis have been focused on natural or dietary compounds including phytochemicals. So far, few studies regarding anti-atherosclerotic small peptides except for tetrapeptide of Lys-Arg-Glu-Ser have been reported. The present study was, thus, to investigate whether dipeptide(More)
Trp-His is the only vasoactive di-peptide known to regulate intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i) and prevent the onset of atherosclerosis in mice. In this study, we showed that Trp-His reduced the [Ca(2+)]i elevation in phospholipase C-activated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), while a mixture of the corresponding constituent amino acids did not show(More)
Adenine had a concentration-dependent relaxation action on the phenylephrine-contracted aorta ring, with an EC(50) value of 0.40±0.12 mM. This effect was also observed in the endothelium-denuded aorta. Among the adenine analogues, N-methyladenine and benzimidazole still evoked an apparent relaxation effect, while 1-, 3- or 7-methyladenine and imidazole were(More)
Previously, we demonstrated synergistic enhancement of vasorelaxation by combination treatment with Trp-His and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg) in intact rat aorta. The aim of the present study was to determine whether this vasorelaxant synergy could be recapitulated in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced inflammatory rat aorta, and to determine the(More)
Proliferation of bronchial epithelial cells is an important biologic process in a variety of physiologic and pathologic conditions. In this study, we demonstrate that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) stimulates proliferation of human bronchial epithelial cells obtained from healthy volunteers. The mitogenic effect of HGF is dependent on costimulation with(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to review the radiological findings of three cases of total colon aganglionosis (TCA), hypoganglionosis, and immature ganglionosis, and to compare the differences in diagnosis and follow-up of these three disease entities. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three neonates with neonatal onset of abdominal distension with vomiting(More)