Mitsuru Nenoi

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The nuclear foci of phosphorylated histone H2AX (γH2AX) are frequently used as a marker for DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) following ionizing radiation (IR). However, recent studies reported that γH2AX foci do not necessarily correlate with DSBs under other conditions. We showed that γH2AX foci induced by oxidative stress in hydrogen peroxide(More)
In deletion-mapping of W-specific RAPD (W-RAPD) markers and putative female determinant gene (Fem), we used X-ray irradiation to break the translocation-carrying W chromosome (W Ze ). We succeeded in obtaining a fragment of the W Ze chromosome designated as Ze W, having 3 of 12 W-RAPD markers (W-Bonsai, W-Yukemuri-S, W-Yukemuri-L). Inheritance of the Ze W(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the polyubiquitin gene UbC of HeLa S3 cells and its upstream region was determined and characterized. Recognition sequences for the transcription factors HSF, NF kappa B, AP-1(c-jun), NF-IL6 and Sp1 were found in the upstream control region, a result consistent with the observation of a distinct regulatory response for the UbC(More)
The polyubiquitin gene is an evolutionarily conserved eukaryotic gene, encoding tandemly repeated multiple ubiquitins, and is considered to be subject to concerted evolution. Here, we present the nucleotide sequences of new alleles of the polyubiquitin gene UbC in humans and CHUB2 in Chinese hamster, which encode a different number of ubiquitin units from(More)
Exposure to ionizing radiation was shown to result in an increased risk of breast cancer. There is strong evidence that steroid hormones influence radiosensitivity and breast cancer risk. Tumors may be initiated by a small subpopulation of cancer stem cells (CSCs). In order to assess whether the modulation of radiation-induced breast cancer risk by steroid(More)
The cause and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are poorly understood. Possible cognitive and behavioral consequences induced by low-dose radiation are important because humans are exposed to ionizing radiation from various sources. Early transcriptional response in murine brain to low-dose X-rays (100 mGy) has been reported, suggesting alterations of(More)
The ability of cells to adapt low-dose or low-dose rate radiation is well known. High-LET radiation has unique characteristics, and the data concerning low doses effects and high-LET radiation remain fragmented. In this study, we assessed in vitro the ability of low doses of X-rays to induce an adaptive response (AR) to a subsequent challenging dose of(More)
The polyubiquitin gene, encoding tandemly repeated multiple ubiquitins, constitutes a uniquitin gene subfamily. It has been demonstrated that polyubiquitin genes are subject to concerted evolution; namely, the individual ubiquitin coding units contained within a polyubiquitin gene are more similar to one another than they are to the ubiquitin coding units(More)
The W chromosome of the silkworm Bombyx mori is devoid of functional genes, except for the putative female-determining gene (Fem). To localize Fem, we investigated the presence of W-specific DNA markers on strains in which an autosomal fragment containing dominant marker genes was attached to the W chromosome. We produced new W-chromosomal fragments from(More)
Although a relatively small proportion of all breast cancer (BC), triple negative (TN) BC is responsible for a relatively large proportion of BC deaths because of its worse clinical outcome. To investigate whether a carbon ion beam alone or in combination with cisplatin (CDDP) has a beneficial effect compared to X-rays, we target triple negative (TN) breast(More)