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A new class of Support Vector Machine (SVM) that is applicable to sequential-pattern recognition such as speech recognition is developed by incorporating an idea of non-linear time alignment into the kernel function. Since the time-alignment operation of sequential pattern is embedded in the new kernel function, standard SVM training and classification(More)
This paper proposes a new class of hidden Markov model (HMM) called multiple-regression HMM (MR-HMM) that utilizes auxiliary features such as fundamental frequency (¢ ¤ £) and speaking styles that affect spectral parameters to better model the acoustic features of phonemes. Though such auxiliary features are considered to be the factors that degrade the(More)
A new method is proposed for on-line handwriting recognition of Kanji characters. The method employs substroke HMMs as minimum units to constitute Japanese Kanji characters and utilizes the direction of pen motion. The main motivation is to fully utilize the continuous speech recognition algorithm by relating sentence speech to Kanji character , phonemes to(More)
This paper proposes a novel handwriting recognition interface for wearable computing where users write characters continuously without pauses on a small single writing box. Since characters are written on the same writing area, they are overlaid with each other. Therefore the task is regarded as a special case of the continuous character recognition(More)
This paper describes context-dependent substroke hidden Markov models (HMMs) for on-line handwritten recognition of cursive Kanji and Hiragana characters. As there are more than 6,000 distinctive characters including Kanji and Hiragana in Japanese, modeling each character by an HMM leads to an infeasible character-recognition system requiring huge amount of(More)
This paper describes a method of generating a Kanji hierarchical structured dictionary for stroke-number and stroke-order free handwriting recognition based on sub-stroke HMM. In stroke-based methods, a large number of stroke-order variations can be easily expressed by just adding different stroke sequences to the dictionary and it is not necessary to train(More)
This paper discusses the use of pen pressure as a feature in writer-independent on-line handwriting recognition. We propose two kinds of features related to pen pressure: one is the pressure representing pen ups and downs in a continuous manner; the other is the time-derivative of the pressure representing the temporal pattern of the pen pressure. Combining(More)