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The common 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism causes decreased activity of this enzyme and can be associated with mild-to-moderate hyperhomocysteinemia in homozygotes, particularly when there is folic acid deficiency, as well as with vascular dementia, arterial thrombosis, venous thrombosis, neural-tube defects, and fetal(More)
Transcriptional regulation of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), a catalytic subunit of telomerase, is essential for telomerase activity associated with telomere length. In this study, we investigated the effects of a (-1327)T/C polymorphism within the hTERT promoter region on the hTERT promoter activity and leukocyte telomere length in normal(More)
Inherited deficiency of protein S encoded by the PROS1 gene constitutes an important risk factor for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Nevertheless, although more than 200 deleterious genetic variations in PROS1 have been identified, causative point mutations of PROS1 gene are not detected in approximately half of protein S-deficient families. The present study(More)
Determinant factors leading from stem cells to megakaryocytes (MKs) and subsequently platelets have yet to be identified. We now report that a combination of nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2 p45 unit (p45NF-E2), Maf G, and Maf K can convert mouse fibroblast 3T3 cells and adult human dermal fibroblasts into MKs. To screen MK-inducing factors, gene(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have investigated the interaction between the Trp64Arg polymorphism of the beta3-adrenergic receptor gene (ADRB3) and environmental factors. This study aimed to investigate whether energy intake affects the relationship between this polymorphism and obesity. METHODS Healthy Japanese men (n=295; age 46.1+/-11.5 years (mean(More)
Recent advances in regenerative medicine have created a broad spectrum of stem cell research. Among them, tissue stem cell regulations are important issues to clarify the molecular mechanism of differentiation. Adipose tissues have been shown to contain abundant preadipocytes, which are multipotent to differentiate into cells including adipocytes,(More)
The epidemiology of primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is not well-characterized in the general population. Most published studies, which have included relatively small numbers of ITP patients, have been conducted in England or Scandinavian countries. No epidemiologic data from Asian countries have been published. This study describes the epidemiology of(More)
OBJECTIVE Resistin is associated with insulin resistance in mice and may play a similar role in humans. The aim of our study was to examine the relationship of serum resistin level to body composition, insulin resistance, and related obesity phenotypes in humans. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Sixty-four young (age 32 +/- 10 years), obese (BMI 32.9 +/-(More)
The hemostatic activity of von Willebrand factor (vWF) is strongly dependent on its multimeric structure, with the highest activity in 'unusually large' multimers secreted from endothelial cells. The multimeric structure is regulated by a plasma protease, vWF-cleaving protease (vWF-CP, or ADAMTS-13). ADAMTS-13 mRNA is variably expressed in liver and other(More)