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It remains controversial whether the left inferior frontal gyrus subserves syntactic processing or short-term memory demands. Here we devised a novel picture-sentence matching task involving Japanese sentences with different structures to clearly contrast syntactic reanalysis processes. Using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI),(More)
We report three patients with selective topographic disorientation due to small, focal hemorrhages extending from the right retrosplenial region to the medial parietal lobe. All three could discriminate and identify familiar buildings and landscapes, but had great difficulty remembering spatial positional relationships between two distant locations (i.e.,(More)
There is contradictory evidence regarding whether the impairments of the recognition of emotional facial expressions in Parkinson's disease are specific to certain emotions such as disgust and fear. Generally, neurological case reports on emotion-specific impairments have been suspected of being confounded with the factor of task difficulty. Using a refined(More)
Studies using the Iowa gambling task (IGT) have shown that patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) make disadvantageous choices characterized by immediate large rewards and delayed larger punishments. These results can be interpreted in two ways: either PD patients are hypersensitive to immediate outcomes and/or insensitive to delayed consequences or PD(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that depressed patients have a "negative bias" in recognising other people's emotions; however, the detailed structure of this negative bias is not fully understood. OBJECTIVES To examine the ability of depressed patients to recognise emotion, using moving facial and prosodic expressions of emotion. METHODS 16 depressed(More)
We report the case of a 55 year-old right-handed man who presented with a long lasting pure word deafness following left thalamic bleeding. There was no sign of aphasia. The auditory deficit was specific for language, while recognition of music and environmental sounds was normal. CT, MRI and PET examinations showed that the lesion was anatomically and(More)
We used MRI studies of four patients to investigate the lesions responsible for landmark agnosia. A detailed investigation of the relationship between the symptoms and the lesions suggests that the right posterior part of the parahippocampal gyrus is critical for the acquisition of novel information about buildings and landscapes, and that the same region(More)
We tested in great detail face perception and face memory in four cases of prosopagnosia. Three of them showed deficits of face perception and/or of familiar faces memory. There was one prosopagnosic patient, however, who showed no abnormality in face perception and discrimination and could recall familiar faces. This case suggests that a form of(More)
Recent studies suggest that social recognition processes are affected by Parkinson's disease (PD). However, whether PD patients exhibit behavioral changes is still controversial. The purpose of the present study was to examine the decision making of PD patients performing the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). We recruited a large number of early, nondemented PD(More)
Although the basal ganglia are thought to be important in recognizing emotion, there is contradictory evidence as to whether patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) have deficits in recognizing facial expressions. In addition, few studies have examined their ability to recognize emotion from non-visual stimuli, such as voices. We examined the ability of PD(More)