Mitsuru Kawamura

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It remains controversial whether the left inferior frontal gyrus subserves syntactic processing or short-term memory demands. Here we devised a novel picture-sentence matching task involving Japanese sentences with different structures to clearly contrast syntactic reanalysis processes. Using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI),(More)
There is contradictory evidence regarding whether the impairments of the recognition of emotional facial expressions in Parkinson's disease are specific to certain emotions such as disgust and fear. Generally, neurological case reports on emotion-specific impairments have been suspected of being confounded with the factor of task difficulty. Using a refined(More)
The present study demonstrated that individuals with Parkinson's disease display impairments in making profitable decisions, as evidenced by poorer performance on the Iowa Gambling Task relative to matched controls. The ability to make beneficial judgments solely correlates with ability to appropriately attribute internal mental-state to other people, as(More)
Although the basal ganglia are thought to be important in recognizing emotion, there is contradictory evidence as to whether patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) have deficits in recognizing facial expressions. In addition, few studies have examined their ability to recognize emotion from non-visual stimuli, such as voices. We examined the ability of PD(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the genetic, clinicopathologic, and neuroimaging characteristics of patients with hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids (HDLS) with the colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF-1R) mutation. METHODS We performed molecular genetic analysis of CSF-1R in patients with HDLS. Detailed clinical and neuroimaging findings(More)
Studies using the Iowa gambling task (IGT) have shown that patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) make disadvantageous choices characterized by immediate large rewards and delayed larger punishments. These results can be interpreted in two ways: either PD patients are hypersensitive to immediate outcomes and/or insensitive to delayed consequences or PD(More)
A right-handed Japanese man with no consanguinity exhibited personality changes, speech disorder and abnormal behaviors, such as stereotypical, running-away, environment-dependent, and going-my-way behaviors, since the age of 49 years. At age 52 years, neuropsychological examination revealed frontal lobe dysfunctions, mild memory impairment, and(More)
The clinical significance and characteristics of writing errors in bulbar-onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are not clear. We retrospectively investigated writing samples in 19 patients with bulbar-onset ALS without preceding extra-motor symptoms. Co-development of dementia and/or aphasia was also explored and single photon emission computed(More)
Theory of mind (ToM) is the specific cognitive ability to understand other people's mental states. Several studies have examined ToM ability in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), using the "reading mind in the eyes" test (RMET). However, there has been no agreement as to whether or not ToM ability in this task is affected by PD. In order to obtain(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Some patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) have been shown to develop painting abilities after the onset of the disease; however, the reported cases have all been in western countries. The purpose of this report was to investigate whether this phenomenon was unique to western countries. METHODS 2 patients participated in(More)