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The dynamic changes in dendritic morphology displayed by developing and mature neurons have stimulated interest in deciphering the signaling pathways involved. Recent studies have identified megakaryocytic acute leukemia (MAL), a serum response factor (SRF) co-activator, as a key component of a signaling pathway linking changes in the actin cytoskeleton to(More)
Hybrid dynamic coating using n-dodecyl beta-d-maltoside (DDM) and methyl cellulose (MC) has been developed for suppression of analyte adsorption and electroosmotic flow (EOF) in a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) channel. The adsorption of APTS-labeled sugars in a PMMA channel was obviously suppressed with DDM dynamic coating; however, EOF was reduced only(More)
Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) are nanoparticles in which charge carriers are three dimensionally confined or quantum confined. The quantum confinement provides size-tunable absorption bands and emission color to QDs. Also, the photoluminescence (PL) of QDs is exceptionally bright and stable, making them potential candidates for biomedical imaging and(More)
We review the syntheses, optical properties, and biological applications of cadmium selenide (CdSe) and cadmium selenide-zinc sulfide (CdSe-ZnS) quantum dots (QDs) and gold (Au) and silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs). Specifically, we selected the syntheses of QDs and Au and Ag NPs in aqueous and organic phases, size- and shape-dependent photoluminescence (PL)(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of phenothiazines (at clinically relevant doses) on the viability and proliferation of leukemic cell lines and normal lymphocytes, and to investigate the possibility of specific induction of apoptosis in leukemic cells. METHODS Phenothiazines with different chemical structure and(More)
Housekeeping genes are often used as internal standards for gene expression analysis. When steady-state transcript levels of 4 typically used housekeeping genes, i.e., beta-actin, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, cyclophilin, and acidic ribosomal phosphoprotein P0 (36B4), were evaluated in various rat tissues, the 36B4 gene seemed to be the most(More)
Dynamic changes in neuronal morphology and transcriptional regulation play crucial roles in the neuronal network and function. Accumulating evidence suggests that the megakaryoblastic leukemia (MKL) family members, which function not only as actin-binding proteins but also as serum response factor (SRF) transcriptional coactivators, regulate neuronal(More)
The fundamental strategy of the current postgenomic era or the era of functional genomics is to expand the scale of biologic research from studying single genes or proteins to studying all genes or proteins simultaneously using a systematic approach. As recently developed methods for obtaining genome-wide mRNA expression data, oligonucleotide and DNA(More)
Bioconjugated nanomaterials offer endless opportunities to advance both nanobiotechnology and biomedical technology. In this regard, semiconductor nanoparticles, also called quantum dots, are of particular interest for multimodal, multifunctional and multiplexed imaging of biomolecules, cells, tissues and animals. The unique optical properties, such as(More)